Take Charge of Your Outside Lighting with Modern Outdoor Lights by Kichler

Afraid of the Dark? Let the experts at Capitol Lighting help you devise the perfect outside lighting scheme to light up the night with modern outdoor lights by Kichler.

Fun Facts: The fear of Friday the 13th is called friggatriskaidekaphobia (Frigga for the Norse goddess for whom "Friday" is named and triskaidekaphobia meaning fear of the number thirteen).

"According to the Stress Management Center and Phobia Institute in Asheville, North Carolina , an estimated 17 to 21 million people in the United States are affected by a fear of this day. Some people are so paralyzed by fear that they avoid their normal routines in doing business, taking flights or even getting out of bed." If you will not be leaving home on Friday the 13th, be certain to plan ahead and surround yourself with the security of comforting lights by Kichler and others top lighting manufactures.

Expertly planned outside and landscape lighting not only provide home safety and security, they dramatically increase the beauty and value of your property. Visit a Capitol Lighting showroom this week for promotional values on an outstanding selection of landscape fixtures and modern outdoor lights by Kichler Lighting .

Do not fear the dark and unknown: Illuminate It!

You are not alone. The lighting experts at Capitol are available to shield you from the darkness and help take the fear out of home decorating.

Whether you are superstitious or not, great fortune comes to those who are unafraid to act on their most illuminating ideas. Capitol Lighting's professional consultants will custom design a lighting scheme to upgrade your home with the latest, most energy-efficient and eye-appealing styles.

Uniquely designed decorative lamps and modern outdoor fixtures work with varying degrees of light to enhance the beauty of your environment from sun up to sun down. The right outside lighting is especially captivating at night to extend living space and provide added ambience.

Capitol Lighting expert recommendations:

* 'Dark Sky' compliant fixtures are designed to focus artificial light downward in an effort to curb light pollution and preserve the nighttime environment. A most plentiful view of the stars and planets above should never have to compete with your outdoor lighting design.

Thoughtfully chosen and properly installed outdoor fixtures will provide understated elegance to compliment your home environment.

Who's afraid of Friday the 13th? Good luck comes with a visit to Capitol.

Capitol Lighting's expert consultants will help eliminate the fear of upgrading and renovating your home with the latest technology and styles. Take advantage of promotional discounts on new designs and lights by Kichler Lighting, including these stunning innovations:

- Transitional chandeliers, mini-pendants, table lamps and torchiers from the "Pomeroy" collection featuring distressed finishes with sunrise marble glass.

- Hand-painted mirrors and colorful Tiffany-style glass billiard lights from the "Pontchartrain" collection.

- Table lamps, floor lamps and lamp tables with wrought iron ebony tortoise finishes and tweed hard back shades from the "Kent" collection.

- Chandeliers with umber glass shades and whimsical designs in outdoor post lamps, deck lights , and path lights from the "Almeria" collection.

- Kichler's modern outdoor portable lamps featuring unique wood bark finishes and basil green textured Sunbrella fabric shades.

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Is the Traditional Energy-saving Lamp Regulator Used for LED Circuit? Detailed Analysis of 11 Defect
Is the Traditional Energy-saving Lamp Regulator Used for LED Circuit? Detailed Analysis of 11 Defect
Can the controller of traditional energy-saving lamp act on LED circuit?There are many options for buying LED bulbs, but compatible led dimmers are difficult to choose. Many users will confidently say that it is OK to use the dimmer of traditional incandescent lamps. Now the most commonly seen on the market is thyristor dimmer, which is divided into DC and ac. it is very easy to use in incandescent lamps.After selecting the LED lamp with appropriate color temperature, lumen grade and beam angle, the dimming requirements are met. Different from the random dimming method of ordinary incandescent lamps, dimming LED bulbs with thyristors may be successful, but many problems will occur in most cases.Four conditions:The most common problem is that there is a buzzing beep or a strong stroboscopic. Ordinary incandescent lamps only need to adjust the voltage to adjust the light and shade, but it may not work for LED lamps. We have done experiments and the following four situations have occurred:1. It can't be opened at all. It doesn't light up at all!2. It can only be on at 100% illumination.3. It can work normally, but the buzzing sound is very loud.4. Stroboscopic occurs when it is adjusted to a certain brightness.Dimming principle:During the test, sometimes the LED can be used normally after it is dimmed to a certain limit. We judge that the reason why it doesn't light up is that the applied voltage of the dimmer is too small to reach the required voltage.The internal circuit of LED is much more complex than that of incandescent lamp. The real led dimmer is not only regulating voltage, but also has three principles:1. Wave width control dimming: digitize the square wave of the power supply and control the duty cycle of the square wave, so as to control the current.2. Constant current power supply regulation: the current can be easily adjusted by analog linear technology.3. Grouping control: group multiple LEDs and control them with a simple grouping device.Note the strobe:The reasons for the most stroboscopic cases are as follows: the adjustable resistor itself is not a very reliable component. Often, due to the entry of dust or the lax manufacturing process, there will be an instant jump fault when operating the adjustable resistor, and the light source will flash. Therefore, we need high-quality adjustable resistance, or use linear technology to regulate current rather than voltage.In fact, the internal driving function of LED itself can easily adjust the brightness and darkness, but most LED manufacturers remove this function to save costs. Whether the LED lamp can be dimmed is usually marked on the box. If there is no mark on the box, please use the dimming function with caution or use a special LED dimmer.Dimming will reduce life:A reminder is that dimming can easily reduce the life of the bulb. Why? Simply take a dimming method: we divide one second into 1000 parts, each part is 1 millisecond, and then make the LED light work for 7 milliseconds and turn off for 3 milliseconds through the control chip. In this way, it only works for 0.7 seconds in one second. However, due to the fast flashing interval, we can't feel its brightness flickering with our naked eyes, and we will only feel that its brightness has darkened, which is 0.7 times the original, This achieves the effect of dimming. Similarly, we can achieve 50% brightness, 32% brightness and any brightness. Blink in this way, it's strange not to break early!In order to avoid various problems, try not to use the physical dimming method for the smart bulb. Take out the mobile phone and open the app to adjust the light and shade.In fact, I still like to use the way of grouping device to control the brightness, which is simple, safe and easy to use. It can be easily done by touching the key switch or independent grouping switch. It is not necessary to fine tune the brightness from 0 to 100% perfectly in the home. It is OK to realize several levels of brightness adjustment, which can fully meet the needs.Analysis and retrieval of 11 disadvantages of LED wick:Compared with traditional incandescent lamps, led filament lamps have higher requirements for packaging. It is reported that at present, led filament lamps have very strict requirements for filament working voltage design, filament working current design, LED chip area and power, LED chip luminous angle, pin design, glass bulb sealing technology, etc. it can be seen that the manufacturing process of LED filament lamps is very complex, and there are certain requirements for the financial strength, supporting facilities and technology of manufacturers.In the production process, due to different processes, the requirements for materials are also different. In addition, in production, many equipment need to be transformed according to the performance characteristics of LED filament lamps, which also makes the manufacturers of relevant materials of LED filament lamps miserable. The defects in the bulb material also make the LED filament lamp easy to be damaged during transportation. The complex process and low yield make the LED filament lamp unable to obtain high praise from manufacturers and consumers.1. Difficult process, poor heat dissipation and easy damageAlthough led filament lamps have attracted much attention in the domestic market in the past two years, at present, the problems existing in the production of LED filament lamps can not be ignored: the manufacturing process is difficult, several different processes need to be integrated, and the yield is low; More than 8W led filament lamps are prone to heat dissipation problems; It is easy to be broken and damaged in the process of production and use.2. Structure, performance and price to be improvedDue to the relatively late entry of LED filament lamps into the market, the market-related sharp bubbles, tail bubbles and spherical bulbs are mainly "patch type". In addition, the filament lamps that entered the market in the early stage are far from consumers' expectations in terms of structure, performance and price, which makes consumers have some misunderstandings about led filament lamps. With the breakthrough of key technologies, the maturity of packaging technology and the improvement of bubble sealing technology, the luminous efficiency, finger display, service life and cost of LED filament lamps will be improved to a certain extent.At present, the LED filament lamp needs to be improved in too many places. It is like a newborn "premature baby". It is not very mature in all aspects, with high cost, complex production process and low production capacity. Therefore, we should improve the raw materials, led beads and manufacturing process in the future, so as to improve the production capacity of LED filament lamps, reduce losses and improve delivery efficiency.3. Low power and poor heat dissipation are obstaclesAffected by the production process, there are many problems in LED filament lamps, such as high cost and high damage rate during transportation due to the defects of bulb material. In addition, the heat dissipation of high wattage led filament lamps has also become an obstacle for LED filament lamps to enter ordinary people's homes.Problem 2: high priceAccording to the market survey, the average retail price of a 3W led filament lamp is about 28-30 yuan, which is much higher than that of LED bulb lamps and other lighting products with the same power, and several times higher than that of LED incandescent lamps with the same power. Therefore, many consumers are scared away by the price of LED filament lamps.At this stage, the market share of LED filament lamps is less than 10%. Nowadays, as a characteristic product, led filament lamp restores the luminous feeling of traditional tungsten filament lamp and is loved by many consumers. However, the high cost, low light efficiency and small application range of LED filament lamps are also the problems that lighting manufacturers must face and look directly at in the next stage.1. Supporting materials increase product costThe market prospect of LED filament lamp is very bright, but there are difficulties in the promotion of LED filament lamp at this stage, mainly due to its high cost and the lack of large wattage, which makes the application of LED filament lamp limited to the flower lamp market. In addition, the matching of raw materials also increases the cost, because there is no standard in the specification and shape of filament lamp, and its market volume is small, As a result, the supporting materials are basically customized, and the manufacturing cost remains high.2. The cost of LED filament is too highAmong all parts of LED filament lamp, the highest cost is led filament, mainly because of its complex production process and high cutting cost; The production efficiency is not high and the degree of automation is low, resulting in the cost. At present, the cost of 3-6w filament bulb can be controlled below 15 yuan, of which the cost of LED filament accounts for more than half.3. The packaging of LED filament lamp is exquisiteThe packaging of LED filament lamps is more exquisite. The light effects encapsulated by each enterprise are different. Led filament lamps still have certain limitations in power and heat dissipation, resulting in higher prices than ordinary LED light sources.Problem 3: small marketAt this stage, the power of the best-selling led filament lamp in the market is basically less than 10W, which shows that at this stage, the LED filament lamp is technically trapped in the problem of heat dissipation and can not achieve high power. It also shows that it can only cover a small section of the whole lighting product line and can not be widely promoted. Even if it plays the "nostalgic" brand, the LED filament lamp market is only a small market, It can't become the mainstream for the time being.1. Low consumer acceptanceWith the shrinking incandescent lamp and energy-saving lamp market, LED lighting products are slowly recognized by end consumers. However, at present, the market of LED filament lamps is still very limited. Due to the limited application and power of LED filament lamps, the acceptance of LED filament lamps by end consumers is not very high.In addition, consumers do not know enough about led filament lamps. Many people think it is just an improvement of ordinary incandescent lamps.2. The main demand comes from the projectAs LED filament lamps are mainly used in flower lamps, and their main demand comes from engineering lighting, general dealers will not mainly promote LED filament lamps. Even if a few businesses sell LED filament lamps, they won't have too much inventory.Problem 4: difficult to promoteEntering the terminal market, we can find that the LED filament lamp is not as hot as expected for two reasons:1、 Many stores do not promote filament lamps as key products, and consumers' awareness and acceptance of filament lamps are not high;2、 Compared with LED light source products such as bulb and sharp bulb, led filament lamp products have no qualitative change. On the contrary, the price is relatively high and it is difficult to go. Let alone replace the market position of LED bulb, energy-saving lamp and other products.Therefore, at present, the market advantage of LED filament lamp is not very obvious, and the market is basically waiting and trying.At present, the difficulty of pushing led filament lamps in the terminal market lies in:1、 Poor integration between traditional bubble sealing industry and LED packaging industry (concept and process integration);2、 It is not easy to reverse the concept of end consumers;3、 The acceptance of LED filament lamp products by society and government is not clear. In addition, the price of LED filament lamp is high, and consumers have not really distinguished the difference between LED filament lamp and incandescent lamp, which leads to the difficulty of LED filament lamp market promotion.1. Merchants are not active in promotionAt present, if led filament lamps want to achieve good performance in the market, they also need to strengthen publicity and innovation. The development of LED industry is increasingly fierce, and industry standards have been issued one after another, which has exacerbated the market development resistance of LED filament lamps. Especially at this stage, many consumers do not understand led filament lamps, and merchants are not active enough in promoting led filament lamps. Even most merchants are not very optimistic about their development prospects. In actual sales, customers usually see or ask, Businesses will push this product.2. High price makes promotion difficultAt present, it is difficult to promote LED filament lamps in the market. Because consumers do not know much about led filament lamps, the probability of purchase is very small. In addition, due to the impact of e-commerce, the transaction rate of LED in physical stores is lower. Some consumers pay more attention to the price when purchasing products. Therefore, there is still a long way to go for LED filament lamps to enter the families of ordinary consumers.3. Lack of new selling points of LED filament lampsAt present, led filament lamp is in the primary stage of promotion, and very few people know its advantages because of the appearance and original quality of the product
Cabin and Rustic Decor - the Log Cabin Look
It seems the rustic cabin and lodge look decorating theme has gained much popularity these days.Picture yourself here: A rustic log home, standing amongst the pine trees, it's steep metal roof dripping with dew from the mornings crisp air, a swirl of smoke spiraling up from the chimney, the birds chirping in the trees, the morning sun rising over the distant hill. A slight breeze blowing, just enough to put the wind chimes into a soft soothing motion. The smell of pine trees, the meadow alive with newly opened wildflowers, in yellows, whites and purples, the sky a crystal clear blue, a hint of wood smoke in the air. You're sitting in your comfy chair, gazing outside upon this majestic beauty, a crackling fire dancing in the stone fireplace, your sipping a steaming mug of hot cocoa, the golden honey tones of your log home, giving you a feeling of warmth, serenity and comfort.For those of us who are fortunate enough to live this lifestyle, there is no greater feeling. For those of you who merely dream this lifestyle, there is hope. You don't have to live in a secluded forest or nestled next to a remote lake to give the inside of your home a warm cabin feeling.Not only are we seeing log homes becoming more and more popular, we are also seeing more and more contemporary homes decorating with the cabin décor theme.There is NOT just one perfect decorating style for a home. Your style should be whatever makes you feel comfortable and secure. You want a place to unwind, a comfortable hang-out, a place where you can feel at ease. Carefully consider your lifestyle and habits, as this will play a great role in your decorating theme. Incorporate what you like in your decorating.Do you long for the cozy cabin feeling throughout your home, or do you just want one or two rooms that reflect that rustic cabin charm?There is one item that plays a major role in the rustic cabin feel, this item being wood. Oh, the joy of wood! Bringing Mother Nature's beauty into your home. There is an abundant variety of beautiful wood products to choose from, some of the most commonly used for interior decorating are: Pine, aspen, maple, hickory, alder, cherry, oak, weathered barn wood and red cedar. Wood flooring can generate that country feeling, wood ceilings and wood walls add warmth and coziness to your home. And then, we have the furniture and accessories, coffee tables, end tables, dressers, dining room tables and chairs, desks, kitchen cabinetry, log beds, rustic rocking chairs, and the list goes on and on. Wood, with its distinct splendor, gives a feeling of warmth throughout your home.Other important aspects of cabin/lodge decorating are color, texture and lighting. Introducing color and texture is essential. I have found that there are no boundaries here. I haven't found a color that does not compliment the woodsy surroundings in a log home. Anything goes, from the pale hues of sage green, buttery yellows and powder blues to the dramatic forest greens, rich purples and deep reds.Accentuate your home with colors you love. Add braided area rugs to the floor, lay Indian blankets across the backs of furniture. Brightly colored quilts can be folded at the foot of beds. Include rustic touches by adding colorful plush pillows. Gather a bucket of pine cones and fill your wicker baskets. Strategically place pottery on tables and next to furniture. Place vibrant colored placemats on the dining room table. Add handcrafted items throughout your home. Scour estate sales and garage sales for antiques and items from past eras. Think beyond framed art to decorate your walls, anything on the walls can be a captivating display. I have a seven foot aspen log on my bedroom wall above my headboard. I peeled, sanded, finished it with a low gloss varnish and then added some greenery and pine cones. It looks remarkable. Curtains and window coverings can also help to enhance the lodge feeling, and can be handcrafted at a fraction of the price if you have your own sewing machine. Choose materials of different textures and colors and design your window coverings to compliment you decorating theme. Walls can be painted in a variety of colors. One wall in an otherwise white room can be painted in a deep dramatic color, to give warmth. Plants and flowers are great accessories, whether real or artificial, these can add splashes of color throughout your home. Remember, colors create moods, so let your imagination soar.And now we move on to texture. You can create a rich mix of textures and incorporate visual interest throughout your home with various materials. Something that has always been admired among the cabin lovers is the look of stone. Whether natural or manufactured, stone creates a warm welcoming space. Some of the most widely used are: Marble, slate, granite, moss rock and river rock. If you are fortunate enough to have a massive rock fireplace that extends from floor to ceiling in your great room, then you are one of the lucky ones, so just keep putting wood on that fire (you think that stuff grows on trees). However, the massive stone fireplace is not the only option to enjoying a warm fire. Wood burning stoves come in a variety of sizes and shapes, and generate a huge amount of cabin ambience, while giving off large amounts of radiant heat. If you don't have the massive stone fireplace, but long for the look and feel of stone, there are several less expensive ways to add this distinct look to your home. Adding a stone backsplash in your kitchen will add drama, or a slate entryway at your front door can really bring out the rustic feeling when your guests enter. Marble countertops can give your kitchen that special country feeling.Another form of adding texture to your decorating is with the accessories you choose. Select accessories that compliment your decorating theme. Include fabrics of all different types, colors and textures. Animal furs, antlers and leather also bring out the rustic feeling. I'm not suggesting that you need to overload your home with taxidermy and wildlife themes, but a rabbit fur on a coffee table, an antler candle holder as a centerpiece for the dining room table, a pair of leather chaps hanging from a peg on the wall or a ratty old straw cowboy hat placed upon a corner table always brings out the country cowboy in all of us.Last, but not least is lighting. Lighting plays a huge role in any decorating theme. Lighting is basically divided into two categories, natural lighting and artificial lighting. Natural lighting is the light that we receive from our windows and is critical to our homes, as is artificial sources of lighting. First we'll talk about natural lighting. Windows, windows, windows. Big windows, small windows, floor to ceiling windows, half moon windows, a grand wall of windows, windows for viewing sunrises and sunsets. An abundance of glass, letting that wonderful golden sunlight in, all year long. We can enjoy an endless supply of warmth and brightness, and it's absolutely free.Now I will focus on artificial lighting. Artificial light plays an important role when it comes to home décor. Rare is the rustic home that doesn't feature some pretty remarkable lighting accents. Lighting adds to the appeal of a room and can enhance overall brightness in your home. First you need to consider how much natural light you have and then consider how each room is used. Lighting can be a challenge when deciding where it will be placed. You may want a combination of lighting schemes in a certain room to make it bright and cheery, and in another room you may desire softer lighting with more of a romantic atmosphere. There are hundreds of choices to choose from when shopping for rustic lighting. You can select from various styles, shapes and sizes from an extensive list of electrical lighting manufactures or you can design your own creation and custom order from a vast list of handcraft woodworkers that design beautiful wood creations. So the first thing to do is to decide what works best for your decorating theme, your light fixtures should compliment their surroundings. Rustic lighting, such as, metal wall sconces and fine handcrafted aspen or pine table lamps and floor lamps are the perfect lighting sources to compliment your rustic decorating theme. A chandelier can make a bold statement in your grand entryway. Elk antlers and deer antlers have become very popular with decorative lighting, and look awesome with cabin décor. High ceilings are very common in today's homes, and this is just the spot for a massive chandelier to light up your great room. Track lighting can illuminate a specific area. Handcrafted aspen table lamps are a favorite of log home owners who cherish the classic cabin look. Place handcrafted aspen table lamps on your end tables. Set an aspen floor lamp next to your comfy chair for your overhead reading light. For an added touch of charm, you can furnish your lamps with handmade lampshades.Another lighting suggestion is candles. Colorful candles, candles of every shape and size, aromatic candles in every scent imaginable. Candles in each and every room. Not only do candles give off a soft romantic glow, they also come in a variety of scents and aromas to heighten the senses and create a warm welcoming space. Oil lamps are also a great lighting suggestion and do the same as candles, but their lighting is brighter and lamp oil isn't scented, however, I found that it does come in vibrant colors of blue, red, clear and yellow.The overall beauty of your home can be significantly enhanced with the appropriate lighting.Have fun with your decorating, and just remember, you home is more then just a place to live, it a place in your heart. Do what makes you feel good, get creative, incorporate a piece of yourself, add a touch of your lifestyle, and the results will be nothing less then spectacular.About The Author Cindy Clark is the owner of Visit this website for cabin décor and rustic lighting ideas for your home
Cozy Home Decor Ideas for Winter
As temperatures across India have already started to dip, most homeowners are looking for ideas to make their homes cozy, vibrant and beautiful. Winters in India are meant for a lot of outdoor fun. But with some effort and thinking you can make your home apt for plenty of indoor adventures too. Just like you have to adorn those heavy woollen garments with the onset of winter, so does your home. Your home needs to cover itself with the ideal decorations for the season. Now, if you are wondering how to add the cozy touch to your home, let us share some ideas with you.- Opt for Woollen Cushions: Your regular cushions might do a perfect job all year round, but with the change of season your cushions need a change too. The knited woollen cushions are a perfect fit for winters. They are warm and cozy. If you are thinking about decor, then let us tell you these knited woollen cushions are available in a range of designs, styles and colors. You can definitely find the one that blends with your home decor. - Install Heavy Curtains: The regular curtains need to be pulled down, washed and then stacked away into the cupboards. For the winters are here and these soft and lightweight curtains will not fit the bill when the temperatures get chilling outside. You may purchase some heavy curtains. Such curtains not only look cozy, but work perfectly in keeping the breeze (which penetrates through small window gaps) out.- Adopt Warm Lighting: The nights get really long during the winter months, and there lies the role of your lighting fixtures. They should stay inviting and warm. The best way to get this effect is to invest in table lamps. Placing one in the living room is an absolute must. You may try them in various other rooms too. Hanging lights also auger well for the winters. They can be placed in the kitchen or common areas of the house. If you visit the market you will get many other lighting ideas which carry the warm touch about them. - Buy some Winter Accessories: Candles are the best winter home accessories. Their glow gives a cozy, comfortable and warm look to the room. You can arrange them on a table in order of heights and thickness.
Is it true that most table lamps should have no more than 60 watt bulbs? How does that convert to LEDs?
There is often a sticker on the fixture stating the maximum wattage allowed. This limit exists for one of two reasons. It could be that the wiring does not support more than that amount of power safely. Or it could be that the fixture can only tolerate that much heat buildup in the socket. Generally it is the latter - Itu2019s easy to make a fixture that can deliver more power, but itu2019s hard to get rid of the heat. 60 watts incandescent or halogen is a reasonable size bulb, and while there are certainly lamps that are designed to work with more, 60 is often just right. And LED bulb that provides the same light output will use much less power, perhaps only 13 watts. So as far as electrical power and heat buildup, it is a 13 watts bulb - Very safe for any table lamp. And if you want more light you can get a 15 or even 20 watt LED bulb that has the output of a u201cstandardu201d 75 or 100 watt bulb, and the fixture will handle it just fine. The only reason the packaging for LED bulbs might mention the larger number like u201c60 watt equivalentu201d is to help the consumer get an idea of how much light it will produce, because older consumers are not as used to looking at lumens (e.g. about 800 lumens for an old fashioned 60 watt bulb). The best way to know how much light you will get is to look at the lumen rating. If the bulb is in a fixture that takes a dimmer, I personally like to get a brighter bulb that is marked as dimmable and then use the dimmer to get it just right for the task at hand. That way I can get softer light for most situations, but I can turn it to full brightness when I need it. Because LEDs make much more light using less power than most fixtures were designed to tolerate, I have the flexibility to use a brighter bulb safely. • Other Questions What is the difference between a theoretical physicist and an armchair physicist? From response of the participants here, it seems that arm-chair physicist is a term used by arrogant theoretical physicists to discredit, ridicule and suppress ideas/proposition beneficial to physics, but originating from academia/scholars outside there CLOSED communities.When it is proposed that laws of physics are relevant/beneficial for all disciplines (i.e. medical, art, drama, biology, IT, and so), it suits their ego so they accept it. They claim that they know what would be a beneficial/productive endeavor to move forward with an idea, but they turned down those ideas only because they actually dont know or they are not fully comfortable with other spheres of knowledge.They readily accept the idea, that laws of physics (i.e. knowledge of physics) which are applicable on moon are applicable on earth or anywhere in the Universe. But their arrogance restricts them from accepting that Essence of Knowledge is same for all Subjects, and Physics is just a Language to express that Knowledge.It does not make a difference if you write the Book of Physics in English or Chinese, it is basically same Knowledge in both languages. Similarly, the Knowledge itself can be expressed in the language of Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Art, Philosophy and so on. And the Knowledge itself do not change whether expressed in the language of any of these subjects.Usually, when two people knowing two different language start interacting, they would definitely struggle to communicate the true and complete intent of the message they are conveying, but slowly they start understanding the terminologies of others language and communication become easy.But if either of the two are adamant enough to claim that no other language exists(i. e. physics can only be expressed in terms of equations), except the language that they themselves are aware of, then it will never be possible for them to engage in meaningful discussion.Please note that my response/reaction is purely based upon views of respondent to this question, here on Quora. I do not to generalize this as the original intent or attitude of theoretical physicists. In case any of the harsh words used as above, tends to personally hurts somebody, I truly apologize for that.For similiar philosophy refer BIG QUESTIONS ------ Why don't we use machine learning to improve weather models? Im answering this question primarily to promote a suggestion for how machine learning can best be used in weather forecasting.Weather forecasters ultimately resort to personally learned heuristics when there is ambiguity or contradiction in the forecast model runs. Their judgment is based on their local experience with how well a given forecast model worked for a given situation in the past. The personal heuristic helps them make a choice with a bolstered confidence level.It should be noted that the different forecast models are not always in wide disagreement, and that a given situation is not quantifiable, but rather, a personal assessment of similarity.I think this is an ideal area for application of machine learning. It would best be used to augment human judgment about the use of numerical models when developing a forecast, rather than on competing with numerical models.Off hand, this is the way Id approach the research design.Parameterize the difference between model performance and actual weather by several measures. Let machine learning study the forecast record and actual weather data, in order to develop and test parameter correction factors that would minimize the variance between forecasts by the different models and real weather.Let machine learning categorize given situations by its own empirical standards of similarity, and correlate these with the parameter correction factors in order to generate heuristics (AKA, rules of thumb).I guess this could be called meta-modeling. a neural network model of the spread between different numerical models and actual results. With the machine learning heuristics a forecaster would have a calculated assessment to compare with human intuition about the behavior of models. And the programmers of models would have measures of accuracy relative to certain situations that can be used to fine tune the numerical calculations, improving their skill. Maybe this approach is already being used, but from what I have read there seems to be an emphasis on machine learning competing with numerical modeling rather than augmenting human judgment on which models deserve greater confidence in given situations ------ What do long-time Led Zeppelin fans think of Greta Van Fleet? I actually like the music of Greta Van Fleet. I believe it is obvious to everyone who their main inspiration was, regardless of whether they admit it or not. At first, I was peeved by their reluctance to admit the influence Led Zeppelin had on their music, but as time has gone by the less and less I find myself caring about it. Life is too short to worry about insignificant things such as inspiration and giving credit, while it would be nice if they did give more credit to Zeppelin, it is understandable why they would be reluctant to do this. They have seen examples of artists being shuffled aside and thrown away because they acknowledged Zeppelin as their primary influence having life work being reduced down to being a cover band in the matter of hours.Look at Wolfmother, when they burst onto the musical scene in 2004, they were hailed as the next Led Zeppelin, but as soon as they admitted that Led Zeppelin was a significant influence, immediately the limelight went away. I cannot blame Greta Van Fleet for wishing to avoid this tragedy by skirting around the issue.But aside from that, I like their musicu2026 a lot. I am a young guy at 24, but have been heavily immersed in Classic Rock, Blues and Proto-Metal for nearly my entire life. I never thought the sound of blues oriented rock would ever be produced again. I just thought that sound was present only in the late 60s and 70s, and somehow got lost for good in the mid 80s. Yet, somehow, Greta has found a way to find that sound that was lost long ago and recapture it in epic proportions. I believe, if they maintain the loyalty to this sound, their career can last as long as they wish it too. I do think maturity will happen and their sound will branch and become more and more unique as time goes by, but for now, I am pleased with what they had done and look forward to what is in store next.I am an INFJ, but in no way does this answer represent EVERY INFJ. ------ If the impeachment of Donald Trump fails, will it mean the end of the Democratic party as we currently know it? Q: No.I recall that in the run-up top the 2016 election, there was much talk about Trump bringing about the demise of the Republican party, with some speculating that the party was on the brink of fracturing in two, and others claiming that if elected president, Trump would usher in a complete takeover of the Republican party, turning it into something barely resembling the party that existed prior to Trumpu2019s political emergence.Well, we now know that the Republican party did not end up fracturing in two, and although to a degree Trump has bent the Republican party into becoming the party of Trump, to a similar degree the Republican party has bent Trump in its direction, with many of the populist positions Trump espoused during his presidential campaign that were antithetical to traditional Republicans having now fallen by the wayside.What we see today is an uneasy compromise between Trump and his fellow Republican politicians, with both side tolerating the other in exchange for the benefits each is able to gain by remaining unified. And when Trumpu2019s time in office has ended, whether that be in 1 year or in 5 years, I expect the Republican party to largely revert to what it had been pre-Trump. (Though the new post-Trump Republican party will no doubt have to contend with a new crop of bombastic Trump wanna-beu2019s within its ranks.)In the early to mid 2000u2019s, there was talk of a u201cpermanent Republican majorityu201d, largely credited to the Machiavellian machinations of Karl Rove. Then after the financial collapse of 2008 at the end of George W. Bushu2019s presidency, there was talk of the Republican party being severely crippled, with a fall from grace that, when combined with disadvantageous demographic trends, would make a significant Republican return to power unlikely until the party learned to appeal to a demographically broader base.So thatu2019s three different wrong predictions about the crippling, if not demise, of one or the other of our major parties. If the House votes to impeach Trump, as I expect will be confirmed later today, and then the Senate, as expected, fails to convict him, my guess is that the whole thing will be not much more than a distant memory by the time the 2020 election is upon us
Is it true that most table lamps should have no more than 60 watt bulbs? How does that convert to LEDs?
most modern lamps are rated for 60w maximum per socket. When I was a child it was quite common however for a desk lamp to have a 100W bulb in it to provide intense illumination. If you have ever brushed up against a 100W bulb that has been burning a long time you might be able to guess why manufacturers started limiting the maximum size of bulbs in sockets. • Suggested Reading Why can't Israel and Iran become friends? They did. Iran was one of the first two Muslim nations that recognized the new State of Israel. The other was Turkey.Most Iranians support the right of Palestinians to have a homeland, and also support the right of Israel to exist.The breakup between Iran and Israel is temporary, not permanent, linked to the mullah-led government post-1979. Most Iranians and Israelis who have rubbed shoulders will tell you they get along fine ------ If the U.S. signed a free trade agreement with China, what would happen? To tell the truth I really dont think either side is going to give in because they have too much to lose politically and economically. However, anything can happen.I think this current situation is going to stay the same and just become the new norm. What will happen as a result is that China will just re route their trade through 3rd party countries to get around US tariffs and the US will continue to look break up the Chinese world manufacturing and supply monopoly and push for more diversified supply chains to stop being so directly dependent on China for everything. ------ Which is the best book to read which can enlighten your life? Hello,In today's age I must say that the most inspiring/ relevant book one should read has to be The Everything Store by Jeff Bezos.The book is an insight on the amazing world of Amazon that Jeff created through his sheer will power and determination. It narrates the journey of Amazon and that of Jeff from being a super kid to the richest man in this world. His work ethics and out of the box thinking can be a real inspiration for anyone and everyone. ------ Why is America shamed for slavery? Were we not the first to end it? One of the reasons for the American Revolution was supposed to be for freedom.Why did it take the US a civil war in the 1860s to extend this to abolish slavery? Why did it take a civil rights movement in the 1960s to get rid of blatant discrimination that came pretty close to slavery?If the USA had remained part of the British Empire slavery would have been made illegal in 1833!So no, you were not the first to end it, you were one of the last ------ Who was a better president: Ronald Reagan or Franklin D. Roosevelt? I dont know how, but you did it. You have somehow managed to make me feel sorry for Reagan. Its simply unfair to compare a mediocre president like Reagan to the best (maybe second best - kind of a toss up between FDR and Lincoln) president in history. Compare him to Grover Cleveland or Taft. Those guys are in Reagans league. Its unfair to have him bat in the majors. ------ In light of US President Donald Trump, many Americans seek immigration to Canada. What is your position on this? I can't say I blame them, but I find it somewhat irritating. Our system, Americas that is, was built around the idea that a man who was wholly unqualified and dangerous might come to power. If Americans were more active in government and voting, Trump probably wouldn't be president right now. However, he is, and it is our job to use the system that is in place to combat policies we deem unneccessary or unsuitable. Maybe I'm just naive though ------ Who was the most intelligent founding father and why? It was really a tie in my opinion. Benjamin Franklin was a world renowned diplomat and politician aside from being an astute scientist. Thomas Jefferson was a world class phenom in his own right. He penned the Declaration of Independence, you know. These two men-Founding Brothers/Fathers, were just Two of the men who made up this brave and brilliant clique, to birth a New nation like no one had ever seen before in all of human history ------ What makes your husband a good husband? There are many traits that are good in a husband. Kind, loyal, honest, communicative, loving, etc. These, and many more, are important, but I personally was looking for a husband who is a strong Christian and would lead our family. In our marriage, we try to follow Ephesians 5:25, which states for wives to respect their husbands, and husbands to love their wives.Marriage is hard, and there will always be ups and downs. Knowing what characteristics you are looking for in a future spouse is important, so you wont be swayed by someone who doesnt really have the traits youre looking for. ------ Now that the U.S. has seen what an outsider (Trump) can do, should we start another political party and find another outsider? NO.Our (Americans, regardless of political orientation) primary focus should be the removal of this cancer from the White House, even if we had to replace it with another neaderthal conservative Republican.Its not just his ideology that is so dangerous, Trump has made it clear he views himself as a dictator with unlimited power and accountable to no one, not even the constitution. He is precisely what the Founding Fathers were worried about. The fact he abused his office to try and rig the 2020 elections shows how desperately he needs to be removed.This is not the time to split the vote, unless its on the right ------ Has Sanjay Dutt not been handed a raw deal? In the 20 years it took the courts to convict Sanjay Dutt, he has:-Acted in 93 films-Made crores of rupees-Gotten married, twice, and had children-Traveled around the world-Enjoyed the adulation and perks that come with his fame and led a generally privileged life that an average Indian can't dream of.In the 20 years it took to convict Sanjay Dutt, the victims of the 1993 Mumbai blasts have:-Oh that's right. They've been DEAD!I wonder who got the raw deal. ------ Is it possible that the Big Bang could be false? If so, what other theories could also be feasible? Maybe the name (Big Bang) is wrong, maybe there was an inflation and not an explosion.Some scientists have add an inflation theory to the bb in order to be according to the new data observed.It could be possible that the Big Bang never occured but it was a Big Inflation instead, the difference between both is that explosion has a fewer initial conditions that could be controled compared whith an inflation. Maybe it was only a Big Inflation (BI) and not a Big Bang (BB)sorry for my bad writing ------ In the conflicts with native Americans and people like Custer when both sides had guns, why didnu2019t they just shoot each otheru2019s horses since they were much larger targets? Horses are tools and they dont shoot back. the People aboard the horses DO shoot back. If you shoot the person, you can use the horse afterwards, if you shoot the horse, the other person shoots you. If you shoot the horse the person gets off and lies or kneels on the ground and is much less of a target, they can even hide behind their dead horse as a makeshift positionAs in these images of Custers last stand ------ To what extent should you believe in astrology? Actually to believe in Astrology is a nonsense because it is quite simple to get a Birth Chart interpretation and see how accurate it is. In that way you get actual EVIDENCE.You do need to be aware that Astrological interpretations will differ depending on who is doing the interpretation. You can consider Astrology to be a tool that has different uses depending on who is using it - the same as any other profession. ------ Which is the best UHD 4K LED TV in India? Television is one of the best inventions. People of different ages love to watch TV. In this world of technology, we are getting better versions of products day by day. So, it will be amazing if you get the best version of Television which will enhance your interest in TV. We have 3 best 4k ultra HD TV in India available for you.Here are the 3 best 4k ultra HD tv in IndiaSamsung 4K Smart TV With Wi-Fi SystemSony Bravia 4K LED TV Bass Reflex SpeakerLG 4K Ultra HD Smart LED TV Value for MoneyRead Full Post - TOP 3 Best 4K Ultra HD TV In India 2020 - Best 4K TV India ------ How many watts does a TV consume? You might be wondering about the wattage of your own TV. All you need to do is look at the label on the back and it will tell you. It only the amperage and the voltage are listed. Just multiply both to get your TV wattage.If your TV doesnt have its wattage listed, you can always buy an electricity usage monitor that plugs in between your TV and the wall outlet and monitor how much electricity it uses. The Kill A Watt is a popular, low-cost option. You can buy it from Amazon or EBay or Wal-Mart or any other hardware stores. ------ When did you realize you were a good cook? My mom didn't want her son to be dependent on anyone for anything. So she taught me the basics of cooking Creole and Cajun food. From the I watched a lot of cooking shows on PBS and picked up a few things. Well, about 10 years ago, people started telling me I was a good cook. Some even paid me to cater their BBQ'S and such.Coming is about the only way i'm creative. I love it. ------ Why does one lose faith in God and become atheist? For me, I lost faith in the Bible, which was the basis for my belief in god.Since then, I've found no reliable basis for faith in any god.Even Christians use they're own personal set of morals, to allow themselves to accept and adopt their scripture based system of morality, . e. their natural moral compass, along with their belief in a God inspired Bible, is what lead them to accept its set of commandments and proscriptions, as an acceptable morality.Allowing them to rationalize genocide, infantacide, slavery, bigotry, and all manner of horror, as morally acceptable and allowable, even when their personal moral compass tells them otherwise ------ What scares you about Google? Everyone knows Google collect all the data what we are searching and what we use in the internet. Simple example experienced that. I am searching mobile in amazon using google crome. Then i came to another site its not related to mobile. But the mobile add keep on coming in to that new site. How the site know i am searching mobile in another site. Google watching everything you do. Simply your android mobile user means google know everything about you. Your contact, google search, location, data and your every activity will be watched by Google ------ What would our Founding Fathers think about the current issues in America today? I think they would be horrified to think that little children were blown to smithereens by semi-automatic weapons because the constitution said the public had the right to bear arms. I think they would be horrified that children are killing other children because there are guns just laying around and toddlers can get their hands on them. I think they would be horrified that their second amendment has caused such havoc with their words. The militia they envisioned is not Joe Blow carrying many weapons and going into a store and shooting at random ------ Why were the French bad in wars such as the Franco-Prussian War, WWI, and WWII? Bad in WWI ? In the Western front, The commander in chief was French ( Joffre) Their 4 millions casualties was the biggest number among all the Allies. Most of the combat was in French territory with all the damages and civilian casualties that implies.Despite that, they managed to hold their ground , even after a deep drop of morale who led to some mutineries, and they finally won. What is your definition of bad ? Simply, being French ? ------ What is the wattage of LED street lights? Thatu2019s a little bit like asking u201chow much does a car cost?u201d There is no realistic way to answer the question as written. If you can edit it, Iu2019d ask more specifically. In the US, most, but not all LED street lights have wattage stickers on the bottomu2026 itu2019ll say something like u201c39 LEDu201d - that indicates itu2019s 39 watts. So if youu2019re in the US, look at the bottom of the fixture during the day, and thereu2019s a decent chance youu2019ll be able to tell
Lipstick to Cosmetics Factory Processing Plant, Let Your Mouthbleast Is More Healthy
Lipstick to Cosmetics Factory Processing Plant, Let Your Mouthbleast Is More Healthy
IT'S an ongoing debate amongstwomen far and wide: is it really worth splurging on luxury make-up?With the news this week thatone in three women are putting make-up ahead of household bills, we have brought in make-up artist Sophie Fleur Thorp to partake in a blind testso that we canreach some kind of a conclusion...Cheap ThrillsMiss Sporty Mission Correction Multi-Action Foundation in Medium, £2.99MUA Blusher in Cupcake, £1Collection Velvet Kiss Moisturising Lip Cream in Mulberry, £2.99MUA Intense Glitter Eyeliner in Starry Night, £1Collection Extreme Coloured Lengthening Mascara in Black, £2.99Total: £10.97The Verdict“The three-in-one foundation concealer is quite disappointing. The texture is too thick, yet it doesn’t conceal imperfections and, instead of highlighting the skin, it leaves it looking matte. I struggled to build this up to hide problem areas without it looking caked on, so I’d recommend using a separate product to blur or hide any blemishes. The mascara is OK, although it doesn’t offer anything special and needs to be layered up to really get the volume and length I desire. The real winners are the liquid lipstick – it doesn’t budge and the pigments are vibrant – and the blusher, which delivers intense colour with a subtle shimmer. The eyeliner is also great. For a kohl pencil, it went on smoothly, with little pressure or pulling, and I was able to build it up and blend it out to create a glittery, smoky eye.”Mid-range MagicMax Factor Miracle Match Foundation Blur & Nourish in Caramel, £12.99Gosh Natural Blush in Electric Pink, £7.99Sleek Makeup Cleopatra’s Kiss Highlighting Palette, £9.99Rimmel London Lasting Finish Lipstick by Kate Moss in 005, £4.99Soap & Glory Supercat Easy Precision Black Ink Eyeliner, £6Bourjois Volume Reveal Mascara in Radiant Black, £9.99Total: £51.95The Verdict“I love that I can build up the foundation to disguise imperfections without needing a separate concealer. And the highlighting palette is going straight into my kit! The cream and powder combo is great, as you can mix them together to intensify the glow, plus it also doubles up as a shimmery eyeshadow. The mascara gave my lashes amazing volume and comes with a handy mirror – great for on the go. The lipstick is also impressive as it has the perfect balance of strong pigments and moisture, making it last all day. I wasn’t keen on the eyeliner, though. It took ages to dry, and left smudges and an imprint every time I blinked.”Super SplurgeYSL Touche Éclat Le Teint in BD60, £32.50Urban Decay Naked Skin Weightless Complete Coverage Concealer in Medium Neutral, £17.50Estée Lauder Pure Colour Envy Sculpting Blush in Plush Petal, £29Marc Jacobs Kiss Pop Lip Colour Stick in Headliner, £24Nars Unrestricted Matte Eyeliner Stylo in Black, £21Charlotte Tilbury Legendary Lashes Mascara in Black Vinyl, £25Total: £149The Verdict“Although this foundation didn’t make the same promises of concealing and highlighting as the other two did, it offered both and then some.My skin felt smooth, hydrated and illuminated – and there was little need for concealer. The blush palette offers a gradient of colour, meaning that you can both highlight and blush in one sweep. However, the shade was too light and blurred into the highlighter, so didn’t give the result I wanted. I wasn’t keen on the bullet shape of the lipstick – I prefer a hard edge, so you can get a clean line along your pout. The eyeliner went on well and dried immediately, and I was blown away by the mascara! After two swipes, I had full lashes without any hard work or layering.”Sophie’s best of the bunch YSL Touche Éclat Le Teint in BD60, £32.50Sleek Makeup Cleopatra’s Kiss Highlighting Palette, £9.99Rimmel London Lasting Finish Lipstick by Kate Moss in 005, £4.99MUA Intense Glitter Eyeliner in Starry Night, £1Charlotte Tilbury Legendary Lashes Mascara in Black Vinyl, £25 The Overall Verdict“This test goes to show that you can mix and match high-end and high-street brands to create the perfect make-up bag – for your pocket and your face!”Now that you've got your dream kit sorted, try these tips to help you get your face ready in just fives minutes.Stockists: Bourjois (Boots.com), Charlotte Tilbury (Selfridges.com), Collection (Superdrug.com), Estée Lauder (Selfridges.com), Gosh (Superdrug.com), Marc Jacobs (Harrods.com), Max Factor (Boots.com), Miss Sporty (Superdrug.com), MUA (Superdrug.com), Mars (Narscosmetics.co.uk), Rimmel London (Boots.com), Sleek Makeup (Sleekmakeup.com), Soap & Glory (Boots.com), Urban Decay (Debenhams.com), YSL (Yslbeauty.co.uk)
Is the Used Car Dealer I Bought My Car From Liable at All Since My Airbags Did Not Deploy?
Is the Used Car Dealer I Bought My Car From Liable at All Since My Airbags Did Not Deploy?
Is the used car dealer I bought my car from liable at all since my airbags did not deploy?Air bags know when to deploy. They are pretty smart— — — — — —WHAT SPEED SHOULD CAR AIR BAGS GO OFF AT?They do not explode on the basis of speed. They do go off on the basis of vibration, via a shock sensing system. You could be stopped, and if someone hits you on the back at a high speed, sufficiently strong, then the bags will go off on your face.They are primary targets for decapitation).— — — — — —can i be sued for not letting my car buyer know that the air bags didnt work?Used cars are usually sold "as is". However, there is laws in most states that you have to give money back within a few days, if they want it. This is state law, so it's different everywhere.— — — — — —does a 1978 pontiac firebird have air bags? if not is there a way that i could install some?I had a 1976 and I am 6'3" there is plenty of leg room. No they did not have air bags. There are no retrofit kits to add them. A custom installation would cost more than the car is worth. Get it and have fun— — — — — —I was hit front and back of my car and my airbags didn't deploy?Air bags are designed to deploy when you vehicle is going over a certain speed. I certainly doubt you will be able to sue— — — — — —What's the best car for someone to get as a "first car"?smothing with a full compliment of air bags all around— — — — — —Air Bag to Glove Compartment?Bad idea. replace the air bag. If it's wreck again and the passenger is hurt, it's on you— — — — — —Should i keep a vehicle that been in an accident several times n air bags deployed?I agree with the redneck lol. but if it was me... i wouldnt keep it— — — — — —" How long are air bags supposed to last?"?There's no way anyone here can tell you for sure what the problem is with the information provided, but all of the new body style Volkswagens, including the Touaregs, have recently had many faults relating to the side airbags in the front seats. Most of these faults are fixed by simply bypassing the side airbag connector located under the seat with wire overlays. However, it could be any number of other things, crash sensors, seat belt latches, the passenger occupant detection system, the list goes on. I would get it checked out though as soon as you can, because in the event of an accident, the airbag system may not work as designed— — — — — —how do air bags in cars help to reduce the force of impact on passengers in car accidents?The airbags absorb the blow of impact, slowing you down much more gently than the windshield. The airbags inflates, then deflates as your face and head are pushed against it, dissipating much of the momentum and lowering the over all force exerted on your head— — — — — —1994 Mer. GM Air bag light blinks on and off. Can air bags deploy without collision? Why does it blink?Have it checked by the dealer. Do not screw around with safety items .— — — — — —had a car accident the air bags didnt come off, should i sue the car company?YEs dude call them rtell them what happen get your inshurence involved with this ad Bam ur gonna get allot of money out of this— — — — — —I was in a car accident and my air bags didn't deploy. I'm was driving a 96 Sunfire? Do I have law suit ?Sure. Anyone can sue anyone. Have fun paying the legal fees— — — — — —Do air bags really protect you all that much?If you are in US. then you should have an airbag in your car. Its a rule— — — — — —can we sue for the air bags not deploying by hiting a tree head on?My opinion is that since the tree was uprooted , the vehicle did not experience a severe nough stop for the air bag to deploy.— — — — — —If a car gets hit by lightning, will the air bags be activated?Yes it can and this has happened many times, that airbag can pop right out if the car gets hit by lightning
How Does Money Laundering Work?
How Does Money Laundering Work?
How does money laundering work?Here's how it works: The problem with money generated from crime- especially large scale organised crime- is that you need to have some explanation as to where the money is coming from, otherwise you will raise suspicion with the authorities. Money laundering is the process of disguising this illegally obtained money as legitimate profits, which you can then use without attracting attention. The most common way to do this is for criminals to own some kind of legitimate business, normally called a "front". They can then disguise their illegal money as profits obtained by this business. For example, suppose you owned a nightclub and charged entry to get in. In a typical night, perhaps you get 200 patrons. A money launderer might instead record that they had 400 patrons per night, and enter their illegally obtained money as entry fees for the 200 fake customers. They can now say they obtained the money legitimately as part of their business. Obviously, this is entirely illegal, and many organised criminals are brought down by money laundering and related charges, rather than for their other crimes. As such, you have to be very careful when doing. Good money-laundering operations use fronts that do not use up too many physical resources, so it's hard to confirm how much of its business is legit.— — — — — —Money laundering: how banks stay one step ahead of criminal activityMoney laundering is a technique used by criminals-from mobsters, drug traffickers, terrorists, to corrupt politicians-in order to cover their financial tracks after illegally obtaining money. It's well-known that money laundering can often involve foreign banks and legitimate businesses-so how do banks actively prevent money laundering from happening? The answer? Anti-money laundering. Anti-money laundering is a way for banks and other financial institutions to detect suspicious activity. By doing so, they help prevent criminal profits from becoming camouflaged and integrated into the financial system. Here's the lowdown on the techniques banks use to fight back against criminal financial activity. Money laundering is a process that disguises the source of criminal money in order to make it appear legal. Since 1990, money laundering itself has been a crime-and it's easy to see why. Money laundering is big business, with an estimated €740 billion to €2 trillion laundered each year. That's an eye-watering 2% to 5% of the global economy. In the EU alone, €197.2 billion is laundered each year. Profits gained from criminal activity is often known as "dirty" money, because it links directly to the crime and can be traced. In particular, lugging around physical cash-think dodgy deals and briefcases filled with bank notes-is far from logistical. Criminals need to "clean" the money, so that it can appear legal and be used for investments without fear of being caught. That's what money laundering is-"washing" dirty money to make it clean. Money laundering typically follows a basic three-step process. The first step is placement-this is the point where dirty money first enters the financial system. Layering then hides the source of the money using various bookkeeping tricks. And once the source of the money has been successfully disguised, comes the last step-integration, when clean money can be withdrawn or invested. Money laundering techniques vary in complexity. The most common method is to process dirty money through another cash-based business. Many criminal organizations own multiple "front organizations," from restaurants to casinos. Legitimate profits from these businesses mix with criminal money, hiding the source. Breaking Bad fans will remember Walter White purchasing the A1A Car Wash to launder the money that he made from his drug business. Another technique is called structuring, which is the act of dividing large sums of money into smaller amounts and spreading them across multiple accounts. Anti-money laundering policy in the EU means that transactions of €10,000 and higher are investigated. Structuring bypasses this by depositing multiple smaller amounts that appear less suspicious. Other techniques used by money launderers include: • None Currency exchanges where dirty money is exchanged by foreign currency providers. The provider may be unaware of the money's origin, or that the cash-based business is a front organization. • None Real estate purchases allow criminals to transform their money into houses and business property, which can later be sold. • None The art industry has also been targeted for money laundering, due to its levels of secrecy and the potential for high-value items. In 1989, the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) was created to combat money laundering. The FATF organization sets the framework for anti-money laundering (AML) policies, and supervises countries to make sure that they comply. Individual countries also have their own supervisory schemes that oversee national institutions. Globally, the UN, World Bank and International Monetary Fund all have AML schemes in place. Anti-money laundering is a framework for putting best practices into action in order to detect suspicious activity. The easier it is for criminals to spend illegal money undetected, the more likely they are to commit crimes in the future. As a result, AML regulations make "obligated entities" be aware of red flags to watch out for, and makes sure that such institutions proactively monitor their clients' activities. But who exactly are the "obligated entities?" Obligated entities refers to institutions that encounter financial transactions, which could be targeted by money launderers. These include banks, payment processors, and gaming or gambling businesses. In the EU, the European Banking Authority sets guidelines and regulations on supervision. Anti-money laundering supervisors then monitor each individual institution to see how effectively they carry out their AML tasks. Institutions have to comply with customer due diligence. The Anti-Money Laundering Directive (AMLD) is a EU-wide law that provides a framework for institutions across Europe. Transactions between "high risk" countries and transaction amounts of €10,000 or more are carefully monitored. Suspicious activity is then reported. As the foundation of the financial system, banks need a sharp eye to spot suspicious behavior. Like all institutions, banking AML policies are shaped by the framework set by the FATF. Frontline employees are trained in anti-money laundering techniques and are legally required to report suspicious activity. Banks may hire employees whose purpose is to boost anti-money laundering practices. These security experts are known as AML compliance officers. In addition, AML banking is supported by three key factors: identity checks, AML holding periods, and AML transaction monitoring software. Specific institutions, such as banks, are required to follow Know Your Customer (KYC) processes. These are the steps that banks must take to verify the identity of their customers. Although anti-money laundering policies provide the framework, individual banks are responsible for their own customers, and it's their responsibility to flag high risk transactions. So what do banks verify? Know Your Customer policies require banks to verify the customer's name, date of birth, address, and occasionally additional information, such as occupation. Banks typically ask customers to verify their identity with ID documents when opening an account. More recently, banks are using biometric identification, such as face or voice recognition, and fingerprint scans. Another tactic to help prevent money laundering is the AML holding period. This is a policy where deposits must stay in an account for a minimum of five trading days. Slowing down the process assists with anti-money laundering measures, and allows more time for risk assessments to take place. Many banks have millions of customers, and oversee millions of transactions. With such a high volume, it's impossible to manually monitor every single transaction. That's where AML transaction monitoring software comes in-this technology allows banks and other financial institutions to monitor transactions on a daily or real-time basis. Such software combines different sources of information, such as the account holder's history, risk-assessment, and the details of individual transactions such as the total sum of the money, countries involved, and the nature of purchase. Transactions can include cash deposits, wire transfers, and withdrawals. When a transaction is deemed to be high risk, it's flagged by the system as suspicious activity.
The Benefits of Water Dispenser for Your Business
The Benefits of Water Dispenser for Your Business
Just so you know, here's how your color coding looks to those with protanopia, the most common form of red/green colorblindnessI am currently trying to come up with an intuitive design for a touch free sink faucet that allows for both hot and cold temperature settings. Most touch free sinks involve one sensor to start the water flowing and you're stuck with whatever temperature comes out, which is usually just a mix of the two. After some research I found some designs incorporated a knob on the side to allow temperature settings, however in public restrooms a truly hands free design is strongly desired even if youre about to wash them, hence the invention of hands free soap dispensers even though it is putting sanitizing soap on your hands after touching it.The initial design I thought of was something like this:The user puts their hand over red sensor to start hot water, blue to start cold, both to start medium.However, there are some obvious oversights:The sensors aren't in front of the faucet, so they will keep stopping forcing you to wave over them again.The "medium" setting is not very intuitiveTo fix number one I added the middle black sensor, that way you activate the temperature states first by waving over the colored sensors, and then the water starts when you wave in front of the black one like typical hands-free faucets.However, I believe this to be even less intuitive and too many steps to simply wash your hands.So, are either of these designs intuitive or is there a more streamlined and easily understandable way to incorporate hot and cold functionality into a truly hands free faucet?
What Is the Best Brand of Air Pump for Aquariums and How Do You Determine What Size to Get?
What Is the Best Brand of Air Pump for Aquariums and How Do You Determine What Size to Get?
What is the best brand of air pump for aquariums and how do you determine what size to get?you can buy a small or medium one very cheap at anl large outlet store that sells pets or fish supplies you will want a valve of some sorts to help regulate air flow— — — — — —Air Flow, Air Systems, Pressure, and Fan PerformanceFor kitchen ventilation applications an air system consists of hood(s), duct work, and fan(s). The relationship between the air flow rate (CFM) and the pressure of an air system is expressed as an increasing exponential function. The graph below shows an example of a system curve. This curve shows the relationship between the air flow rate and the pressure of an air system.— — — — — —What type of windows provide the best air flow?I would think that any window which opened completely would be the ones of choice not ones which only opened half way, the screen would be on the inside not out so no problem with bugs or anything else— — — — — —Opinion On This Gaming Pc? Specs Below?hi Lewis, I do not think too highly of it and if I were you I would not be caught bringing this pack of trouble in your home and that's a fact. like I said before stay away from Pentium parts and the next question you ask is asking about a video card that is a Pentium part the Nvidia GeForce gtx 650 so if you buy this computer welcome to crash and burn hotel. this is not a place you want to be so I will not go into more detail except mid sized computers has very little air flow so just try something for yourself to fully get the real impact go to newegg, amazon or tigerdirect and read what it saids about thermaltake arrow cases or cooler haf and you will see what they say about air flow then read what it saids about mid sized cases and you will see why I recommended the computer repairman building you a computer. prefab computers are the pits. good luck I hope I was helpful to you.— — — — — —What is the difference between the air pre-heater & air blower?AIR PRE HEATER. - An air preheater (APH) is any device designed to heat air before another process with the primary objective of increasing the thermal efficiency of the process. . they may be used alone or to replace a recuperative heat system or replace Steam coil. AIR BLOWER ------ This device makes use of the rotating impellers to increase the speed of the air gushing out of the drive out shaft. An air blower accelerate air flow radially .while changing the directions by 90 degree. these Power Tools mostly used in heating, ventilation and air conditioner (HA AC) industries— — — — — —Can I treat cat dandruff at home?Adding or increasing the amount of fish oil in their diet can be extremely helpful. Brushing is also important to make sure that there is not a lot of loose hair that is reducing air flow next to the skin. You can use a humidifier or even just let water steam on the stove to help increase the humidity in the room. Instead of attempting a bath just use a wet cloth to wipe them down. they may even enjoy that a bit— — — — — —What's the easiest way to add hp to the stock motor?#1 Better air cleaner.#2 Better spark plugs#3 Better exhaust pipe, muffler.#4 Better coil, distributor, ICM.#5 Better carb or injectors.#6 Better Exhaust manifolds or headers.Think of the engine as an air pump. Anything you can do to improve air flow in, cumbustion and air flow out will help. The order of this list will change depending on cost of parts.— — — — — —What direction is the air flow on my home heater?usually the air is being pulled past the filter not pushed into it— — — — — —Do High-MERV Filters Always Reduce Air Flow?Over the past few months, I've taken a look at some critical issues for indoor air quality. Starting with the issue of how much time we spend indoors, I then wrote about kitchen ventilation, the panoply of indoor air pollutants, problems with filters in general and with high-MERV filters. Now let's take the next step: a look at what research has been done on high-MERV filters and what can be done to overcome those unintended consequences I wrote about. In this article, John Proctor summarized some of the results he and his colleagues have found from studying California homes. One of the concerns in their research for the California Energy Commission was homeowners changing out 1″ thick standard fiberglass filters with 1″ thick pleated filters. The Air Conditioning Contractors of America (ACCA) protocols for HVAC design assume a pressure drop of 0.10 inches of water column (i.w.c.) across the filter. (Keep that number, 0.1 i.w.c., in mind as a reference point. I will be coming back to it.) If a system is designed with a standard filter for that pressure drop, the pressure drop with a pleated filter of the same size will most likely be higher. In addition, poorly designed and installed duct systems already have external static pressures that are too high. The typical furnace or air handler is rated for 0.5 i.w.c. but many run much higher pressure. David Richardson of the National Comfort Institute says that in the testing they've done, the average system is running at about 0.82 i.w.c. Result: In the California study, Proctor et al. found that the pressure drop across the filter in 34 HVAC systems was 0.28 i.w.c. That's nearly three times what ACCA protocols assume. It's also more than half of the rated external static pressure for the whole system. Article: Is There a Downside to High-MERV Filters? by David Springer, Home Energy Magazine, 2 November 2009 David Springer of the Davis Energy Group published this great article with a lot of detail about what they did and what they found, including blower energy use, compressor energy use, and the specific filters they tested. I will let you go there for the details because here I am mainly going to focus on the issue of pressure drop across the filter and the resulting effect on air flow. And speaking of filter pressure drop, here's their chart for filters with MERV ratings from 2 to 13. They tested all the filters at the same width and height (16″ x 25″) but the depth varied from 1″ to 4″. They used 492 feet per minute (fpm) as the face velocity because that's what the ASHRAE filter standard (52.2) calls for. With that face velocity and those dimensions, the air flow rate is 1,367 cubic feet per minute (cfm). (Flow rate equals area times velocity; see my article on the continuity equation for more on this.) Results: As you can see, there's not a steady increase in pressure drop as the MERV rating increases. What does happen, though, is that the pressure drop jumps up significantly as soon as you change from the standard 1″ fiberglass filter (MERV-2) to the next level at MERV-6. They also found "a definite trend toward lower air flow with higher-MERV filters for systems using PSC motors." (PSC stands for "permanent split capacitor." A PSC motor is the one powering most HVAC blowers. Variable speed blowers have electronically commutated motors, ECMs.) The final result I will mention here is that they did not see as much difference as they expected for filters of different depths. For example, "the 4-inch Filtrete 1550 (MERV 12) was only marginally better than the 1-inch Filtrete 1700 (also MERV 12) and the two other [1-inch] MERV 11 filters of the same brand (1000 and 1085)." Article: The Effects of Filtration on Pressure Drop and Energy Consumption in Residential HVAC Systems (pdf) by Brent Stephens, Atila Novoselac, PhD, and Jeffrey A. Siegel, PhD, HVAC&R Research, Vol. 16, #3, May 2010 This one is an academic paper so if you want all the details, equations, and references to other works, click the link above and download the paper. (Brent was a student at the time he wrote this paper and has a page on his filter research on his website at the Illinois Institute of Technology, if you want to dive even deeper.) They looked at filter pressure drop and energy consumption, both theoretically and using four months of data from two air conditioning systems in a test house in Austin, Texas. Results: What they found is what you would expect, and in their limited range of MERV ratings tested, they did see an increase with each step up the MERV scale. Here are their results for filter pressure drop: So the low-MERV filter is hitting the ACCA design pressure drop. The mid-MERV is twice as much and the high-MERV is three times as much. They also found that air flow in the high-MERV filters dropped by 7% and 11% in the two HVAC systems compared to the low-MERV filters. Likewise, the mid-MERV filters also showed decreased air flow relative to the low-MERV fitlers, this time 3% and 8% lower in the two systems. As you can see above, the research shows that in general, HVAC systems with high-MERV filters* have a higher pressure drop across the filter. This part is common to all three studies above. What happens with the air flow depends on what kind of blower the HVAC system uses. In a system with a PSC blower, the air flow drops and energy use does not change much. The Stephens paper cites a 2002 study showing that 90% of all residential HVAC systems had PSC blowers. Certainly that number has fallen in the past 16 years, as high-performance homes and high-performance HVAC systems have become more popular. But I am sure the great majority of homes still have PSC motors running the blower. For those with the other type, the electronically commutated motor (ECM), the controls on those motors typically ramp up the motor speed as the pressure increases so relatively constant air flow is maintained. But there's a penalty. Blowers with ECMs can be more efficient than those with PSC motors when they are operating against the pressure they are designed for. But when the pressure is higher, they can end up using more energy than the PSC blower. So what can you do to be able to use a high-MERV filter* and not suffer a high pressure drop across the filter and the resulting loss of air flow (PSC blower) or increased energy use (ECM blower)? It's actually pretty simple. You just have to make the filter large enough to have a low face velocity. And that's where I am going next with this series. You can get a head start by reviewing the other articles I've written on this topic in the past few months, especially the one on the continuity equation. The Path to Low Pressure Drop Across a High-MERV Filter What Percent of Time Do You Spend Indoors? * These are affiliate links for Amazon and TruTech Tools. You pay the same price you would pay normally, but Energy Vanguard makes a small commission if you buy after using the link.
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