Knowledge About Sports Cricket | Matara Sports Club of Sports Cricket

Matara Sports Club of sports cricket

Matara Sports Club was a first-class cricket team in Sri Lanka. It played first-class cricket 1998 to 2001. It was demoted to Division II in 2002, and to Division III in 2014.

The Uyanwatte ground is home to Matara Cricket Club. In the parlour of cricket Matara stands for one thing only, the modern master blaster Sanath Jayasuriya. Jayasuriya played his early cricket here, is revered in the area and is now the MP for the Matara district.


History of sports cricket

The first official team was registered in 1904 and consisted of mainly European tea planters. Matara is a town in the southern province of Sri Lanka. Leading boys schools in Matara - Rahula, St. Servatius and St. Thomas Colleges have produced great cricketers, and some of them have played for the national team. Sanath Jayasuriya, Pramodya Wickramasinghe, Indiak de Saram, Suraj Randiv, Janak Gamage, Prabhath Nissanka, Kasun Rajitha are some of them. Most of these cricketers started playing club cricket for Matara Sports Club. They won Div II Championship in 1989/90.


International career of sports cricket

She made her Women's Twenty20 International cricket (WT20I) debut for India Women against South Africa Women on 13 February 2018. Bhatia is the first woman cricketer from Chandigarh to be a part of the national team. Bhatia wears jersey No 28 in the team. She made her Women's One Day International (WODI) debut against Sri Lanka on 11 September 2018.

In October 2018, she was named in India's squad for the 2018 ICC Women's World Twenty20 tournament in the West Indies. In January 2020, she was named in India's squad for the 2020 ICC Women's T20 World Cup in Australia.


Botswana Cricket Association of sports cricket

The Botswana Cricket Association (BCA) is the official governing body of the sport of cricket in Botswana. Its headquarters is in Gaborone, Botswana. It is affiliated with Botswana National Sports Council (BNSC) and the Botswana National Olympic Committee (BNOC). Established in 1979, the BCA has been a member of the International Cricket Council (ICC) since 2002, and was also a founding member of the Africa Cricket Association.


Chail Cricket Ground of sports cricket

Chail Cricket Ground is a cricket ground located in Chail, Himachal Pradesh. The ground was established in 1893 by Bhupinder Singh Maharaja of Patiala who owned a summer-retreat in Chail, that time the ground was developed. The ground located at 2444 meters above sea level that make highest cricket ground in the world. The ground is surrounded by forest and is used as the school playground by Chail Military School. During school vacations it is also used for Polo. There is a well maintained Basketball court as well as there are goal posts for football.



Early life of sports cricket

She was born to Sapna and Sanjay Bhatia in Chandigarh. Her father works in Central Bank of India and had played cricket at the all India university level. She has an elder sister Sanjana and younger brother Sehaj.

Earlier, Bhatia trained under former Indian cricketer and Yuvraj Singhs father Yograj Singh while she was studying at DAV Senior Secondary School. She is currently studying BA-II at MCM DAV College for Women. Bhatia's father was himself a cricket player and so was her uncle. Her brother too has joined the U-19 cricket team.


Broadcasting career of sports cricket

Gomersall joined the Sky Sports News presenting team in the summer of 2005, having made the transition from reporter to presenter.

Gomersall originally reported on events in and around the North West, and lists being at Anfield on the day Emlyn Hughes died as her most memorable assignment. A Liverpool fan, Gomersall explains: "I felt honoured to interview so many Liverpool legends about their beloved 'Crazy Horse'. All the former players started to just turn up without even being asked. It was a massive mark of respect to the man both they and the fans, including me, adored. It was a very emotional day but one I shall never forget."


Recent call-ups of sports cricket

This lists all the players who have been selected for England under-19s since the start of the 2019 season and their most recent call-up. In that period squads have been named for:

A tri-series at home to India and Bangladesh in July and August 2019, in which they played eight ODIs.

An ODI tri-series away in the Caribbean against Sri Lanka and West Indies in November 2019.

The 2020 Under-19 Cricket World Cup in South Africa in January and February 2020.The team's coach is Jon Lewis, who has been in position since the 2018 Under-19 Cricket World Cup.


Metropolitan Police Sports Club Ground, East Molesey of sports cricket

Metropolitan Police Sports Club Ground is a cricket ground in East Molesey, Surrey. The first recorded match on the ground was in 1940, when the Metropolitan Police played a British Empire XI.

In 2003, Surrey used the ground for 2 Twenty20 matches in the 2003 Twenty20 Cup, played against Essex and Sussex.

Being based at a police training college, the ground is used by a number of police teams. A well maintained ground, the cricket pavilion was constructed in 1983.


Udaipur International Cricket Stadium of sports cricket

Udaipur International Cricket Stadium is a proposed cricket stadium in Udaipur, Rajasthan.

In 2013, after dispute between Rajasthan State Sports Council and Rajasthan Cricket Association over the availability of Sawai Mansingh Stadium during the Indian Premier League, the RCA decided to have plans of having their own stadium. RCA president CP Joshi puts plan that RCA will have three venues in Jaipur, Udaipur and Jodhpur for IPL matches. RCA has gained land in Udaipur with 9.67 acres from the Udaipur Improvement Trust on a 99-year lease and stadium will have a capacity of 35,000.


Personal life of sports cricket

Gomersall was born in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire on 31 December 1971. She attended Cheltenham Bournside School, and Kingston University London where she gained her degree in English and Drama.

She lists football and cricket as her first loves but also enjoys athletics. As a schoolgirl she ran for Cheltenham district when her hero was Daley Thompson. Vicky used to play football for Fulham Ladies and still plays 5-a-side football.

Gomersall is a supporter of Liverpool and also follows Cheltenham Town.


Early career of sports cricket

After her DAV academy days, she became the youngest girl to represent Punjab in U19 at the young age of 11. She soon joined the senior state team at the age of 16.

At the age of 13, Bhatia became the youngest player to play for the senior Punjab team in the inter-state domestic tournament in 2011. In 2015, she captained the U-19 North Zone side in the inter-zonal cricket tournament in Guwahati. In the game she also scored 227 runs and also responsible for 10 dismissals. She joined India A squad, when she turned 16. She went on a professional slump for two years which almost made her lose her interest in cricket altogether. She overcame it with the support of her mother which motivated her to pursue her dreams.


Belmont Cricket Club of sports cricket

Coordinates: 395635N 751302W / 39.943173N 75.217166W / 39.943173; -75.217166

The Belmont Cricket Club was one of four chief cricket clubs in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, that played from its 1874 founding in West Philadelphia until its disbanding in 1914. Bart King, arguably America's greatest cricketer during its 1890-1914 golden age, played for Belmont from 1893 to 1913. Another famous American cricketer, English-born Cecil Hurditch, played for Belmont in 1912 after he returned from playing for the Santa Monica Cricket Club in southern California. In 1913, Hurditch introduced soccer to the club members.


Malcolm Ashton of sports cricket

Malcolm "Ashtray" Ashton is an English retired sports statistician and columnist. From 2009, he was the BBC's Test Match Special (TMS) scorer. His scoring career began in the mid-1970s at Rawtenstall Cricket Club which soon led to scoring for BBC Radio and Channel 4's cricket programmes. In 1995, he was asked by Ray Illingworth to go on the South African Cricket tour as the Team Scorer with the England Cricket Squad. This led to 12 years of involvement with the England Cricket team, totalling over 150 Test matches and 200 One Day matches.

In 2009, Ashton took over BBC Sport's most popular columns following the death of his predecessor Bill Frindall.

On 24 February 2015, Ashton announced, via Twitter, he was retiring from TMS.


Life and career of sports cricket

Durden-Smith was educated at Aldenham School and the Britannia Royal Naval College in Dartmouth, Devon. His service as an officer in the Royal Navy from 1952 to 1963 included a period as aide-de-camp to the Governor-General of New Zealand, Lord Cobham, from 1957 to 1959. He worked as a radio and television sports commentator and producer in England from the 1960s to the 1990s.

He played four matches of first-class cricket in the 1960s. His highest scores were 33 and 50 in his first match, for Combined Services against Nottinghamshire in 1961.

He was awarded the OBE in 1997. He has been married to Judith Chalmers, a television presenter, since 1964. They have a son and a daughter; their son, Mark, is also a television presenter.


List of cricket grounds in Kenya of sports cricket

This is a list of cricket grounds in Kenya. Following initial colonisation by the Portuguese, Kenya gradually came under influence of the British Empire in the latter part of the 19th century and in the first half of the 20th century. Cricket was probably introduced to the country in the 1880s by the British. Since then and following independence the sport has continued to grow, with Kenya being in recent history one of the stronger Associate members of the International Cricket Council. The grounds included in this list have held at least one first-class, List A or Twenty20 match. Additionally, some have held One Day Internationals and Twenty20 Internationals.


North Inch of sports cricket

North Inch is a large public park in Perth, Scotland. About 54 hectares in size, it is one of two "Inches" in Perth, the other being the smaller, 31-hectare South Inch, located half a mile across the city. It was the site of the "Battle of the Clans" in 1396.

Balhousie Castle and Bell's Sports Centre are located on its western edge.

A path circumnavigates the entire park.

At the southern edge of the Inch is Smeaton's Bridge.


Windward Islands Cricket Board of Control of sports cricket

The Windward Islands Islands Cricket Board is the ruling body for cricket in the following West Indian islands: Grenada, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Dominica. Of these, Dominica is technically a part of the Leeward Islands, but as it was part of the Windward Islands colony from 1940 until independence and its cricket federation remains a part of the Windward Islands.

Kishore Shallow was elected as president in 2019, replacing Emmanuel Nathan.


KwaZulu-Natal (cricket team) of sports cricket

KwaZulu-Natal (formerly Natal) is the first-class cricket team that represents the province of KwaZulu-Natal (formerly Natal) in South Africa. For the purposes of the Sunfoil Series, KwaZulu-Natal is the only team that has not merged with another and it has played in the SuperSport Series (as it was named then) as the Dolphins since October 2004. However, the KwaZulu-Natal Inland cricket team was granted first-class status in 2006, began competing in the CSA Provincial Competitions in 2006-2007, and is now also represented by the Dolphins franchise.


Sporting awards of sports cricket

InternationalImran Khan was described by the BBC as, "One of the finest fast bowlers cricket has ever seen." ESPNcricinfo described him as, "The greatest cricketer to emerge from Pakistan, and arguably the world's second-best all-rounder after Garry Sobers."

The Cricket Society Wetherall Award, leading all-rounder in English first-class cricket. (1976 and 1980).

Wisden Cricketer of the Year (1983).

Sussex Cricket Society Player of the Year. (1985)

Indian Cricket Cricketer of the Year. (1990)

International Cricket Council Hall of Fame, Centennial Year celebrations. (9 July 2004).

Inaugural Silver Jubilee award, Asian Cricket Council, Karachi. (5 July 2008)

International Cricket Council Hall of Fame (2010)One-Day International CricketMan of the Match awards


Other positions of sports cricket

Beckles serves on the editorial boards of several academic journals, including William and Mary Quarterly, Journal of Caribbean History, and Sports in Society, and is an international editor for the Journal of American History. Outside of academia, he has filled the following positions:

Leader of Barbados delegation, 2001 World Conference Against Racism

Director, ICC West Indies Cricket World Cup, Inc. (20052007)

Independent Director and Member of Corporate Governance & Ethics Committee, Sagicor Financial Corporation (2005 onwards)

Director, Sagicor Life Jamaica Limited (2006 onwards)

Board member, Association for the Study of the Worldwide African Diaspora (2013 2015)

Chair, CARICOM Reparations Commission

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Is the Traditional Energy-saving Lamp Regulator Used for LED Circuit? Detailed Analysis of 11 Defect
Is the Traditional Energy-saving Lamp Regulator Used for LED Circuit? Detailed Analysis of 11 Defect
Can the controller of traditional energy-saving lamp act on LED circuit?There are many options for buying LED bulbs, but compatible led dimmers are difficult to choose. Many users will confidently say that it is OK to use the dimmer of traditional incandescent lamps. Now the most commonly seen on the market is thyristor dimmer, which is divided into DC and ac. it is very easy to use in incandescent lamps.After selecting the LED lamp with appropriate color temperature, lumen grade and beam angle, the dimming requirements are met. Different from the random dimming method of ordinary incandescent lamps, dimming LED bulbs with thyristors may be successful, but many problems will occur in most cases.Four conditions:The most common problem is that there is a buzzing beep or a strong stroboscopic. Ordinary incandescent lamps only need to adjust the voltage to adjust the light and shade, but it may not work for LED lamps. We have done experiments and the following four situations have occurred:1. It can't be opened at all. It doesn't light up at all!2. It can only be on at 100% illumination.3. It can work normally, but the buzzing sound is very loud.4. Stroboscopic occurs when it is adjusted to a certain brightness.Dimming principle:During the test, sometimes the LED can be used normally after it is dimmed to a certain limit. We judge that the reason why it doesn't light up is that the applied voltage of the dimmer is too small to reach the required voltage.The internal circuit of LED is much more complex than that of incandescent lamp. The real led dimmer is not only regulating voltage, but also has three principles:1. Wave width control dimming: digitize the square wave of the power supply and control the duty cycle of the square wave, so as to control the current.2. Constant current power supply regulation: the current can be easily adjusted by analog linear technology.3. Grouping control: group multiple LEDs and control them with a simple grouping device.Note the strobe:The reasons for the most stroboscopic cases are as follows: the adjustable resistor itself is not a very reliable component. Often, due to the entry of dust or the lax manufacturing process, there will be an instant jump fault when operating the adjustable resistor, and the light source will flash. Therefore, we need high-quality adjustable resistance, or use linear technology to regulate current rather than voltage.In fact, the internal driving function of LED itself can easily adjust the brightness and darkness, but most LED manufacturers remove this function to save costs. Whether the LED lamp can be dimmed is usually marked on the box. If there is no mark on the box, please use the dimming function with caution or use a special LED dimmer.Dimming will reduce life:A reminder is that dimming can easily reduce the life of the bulb. Why? Simply take a dimming method: we divide one second into 1000 parts, each part is 1 millisecond, and then make the LED light work for 7 milliseconds and turn off for 3 milliseconds through the control chip. In this way, it only works for 0.7 seconds in one second. However, due to the fast flashing interval, we can't feel its brightness flickering with our naked eyes, and we will only feel that its brightness has darkened, which is 0.7 times the original, This achieves the effect of dimming. Similarly, we can achieve 50% brightness, 32% brightness and any brightness. Blink in this way, it's strange not to break early!In order to avoid various problems, try not to use the physical dimming method for the smart bulb. Take out the mobile phone and open the app to adjust the light and shade.In fact, I still like to use the way of grouping device to control the brightness, which is simple, safe and easy to use. It can be easily done by touching the key switch or independent grouping switch. It is not necessary to fine tune the brightness from 0 to 100% perfectly in the home. It is OK to realize several levels of brightness adjustment, which can fully meet the needs.Analysis and retrieval of 11 disadvantages of LED wick:Compared with traditional incandescent lamps, led filament lamps have higher requirements for packaging. It is reported that at present, led filament lamps have very strict requirements for filament working voltage design, filament working current design, LED chip area and power, LED chip luminous angle, pin design, glass bulb sealing technology, etc. it can be seen that the manufacturing process of LED filament lamps is very complex, and there are certain requirements for the financial strength, supporting facilities and technology of manufacturers.In the production process, due to different processes, the requirements for materials are also different. In addition, in production, many equipment need to be transformed according to the performance characteristics of LED filament lamps, which also makes the manufacturers of relevant materials of LED filament lamps miserable. The defects in the bulb material also make the LED filament lamp easy to be damaged during transportation. The complex process and low yield make the LED filament lamp unable to obtain high praise from manufacturers and consumers.1. Difficult process, poor heat dissipation and easy damageAlthough led filament lamps have attracted much attention in the domestic market in the past two years, at present, the problems existing in the production of LED filament lamps can not be ignored: the manufacturing process is difficult, several different processes need to be integrated, and the yield is low; More than 8W led filament lamps are prone to heat dissipation problems; It is easy to be broken and damaged in the process of production and use.2. Structure, performance and price to be improvedDue to the relatively late entry of LED filament lamps into the market, the market-related sharp bubbles, tail bubbles and spherical bulbs are mainly "patch type". In addition, the filament lamps that entered the market in the early stage are far from consumers' expectations in terms of structure, performance and price, which makes consumers have some misunderstandings about led filament lamps. With the breakthrough of key technologies, the maturity of packaging technology and the improvement of bubble sealing technology, the luminous efficiency, finger display, service life and cost of LED filament lamps will be improved to a certain extent.At present, the LED filament lamp needs to be improved in too many places. It is like a newborn "premature baby". It is not very mature in all aspects, with high cost, complex production process and low production capacity. Therefore, we should improve the raw materials, led beads and manufacturing process in the future, so as to improve the production capacity of LED filament lamps, reduce losses and improve delivery efficiency.3. Low power and poor heat dissipation are obstaclesAffected by the production process, there are many problems in LED filament lamps, such as high cost and high damage rate during transportation due to the defects of bulb material. In addition, the heat dissipation of high wattage led filament lamps has also become an obstacle for LED filament lamps to enter ordinary people's homes.Problem 2: high priceAccording to the market survey, the average retail price of a 3W led filament lamp is about 28-30 yuan, which is much higher than that of LED bulb lamps and other lighting products with the same power, and several times higher than that of LED incandescent lamps with the same power. Therefore, many consumers are scared away by the price of LED filament lamps.At this stage, the market share of LED filament lamps is less than 10%. Nowadays, as a characteristic product, led filament lamp restores the luminous feeling of traditional tungsten filament lamp and is loved by many consumers. However, the high cost, low light efficiency and small application range of LED filament lamps are also the problems that lighting manufacturers must face and look directly at in the next stage.1. Supporting materials increase product costThe market prospect of LED filament lamp is very bright, but there are difficulties in the promotion of LED filament lamp at this stage, mainly due to its high cost and the lack of large wattage, which makes the application of LED filament lamp limited to the flower lamp market. In addition, the matching of raw materials also increases the cost, because there is no standard in the specification and shape of filament lamp, and its market volume is small, As a result, the supporting materials are basically customized, and the manufacturing cost remains high.2. The cost of LED filament is too highAmong all parts of LED filament lamp, the highest cost is led filament, mainly because of its complex production process and high cutting cost; The production efficiency is not high and the degree of automation is low, resulting in the cost. At present, the cost of 3-6w filament bulb can be controlled below 15 yuan, of which the cost of LED filament accounts for more than half.3. The packaging of LED filament lamp is exquisiteThe packaging of LED filament lamps is more exquisite. The light effects encapsulated by each enterprise are different. Led filament lamps still have certain limitations in power and heat dissipation, resulting in higher prices than ordinary LED light sources.Problem 3: small marketAt this stage, the power of the best-selling led filament lamp in the market is basically less than 10W, which shows that at this stage, the LED filament lamp is technically trapped in the problem of heat dissipation and can not achieve high power. It also shows that it can only cover a small section of the whole lighting product line and can not be widely promoted. Even if it plays the "nostalgic" brand, the LED filament lamp market is only a small market, It can't become the mainstream for the time being.1. Low consumer acceptanceWith the shrinking incandescent lamp and energy-saving lamp market, LED lighting products are slowly recognized by end consumers. However, at present, the market of LED filament lamps is still very limited. Due to the limited application and power of LED filament lamps, the acceptance of LED filament lamps by end consumers is not very high.In addition, consumers do not know enough about led filament lamps. Many people think it is just an improvement of ordinary incandescent lamps.2. The main demand comes from the projectAs LED filament lamps are mainly used in flower lamps, and their main demand comes from engineering lighting, general dealers will not mainly promote LED filament lamps. Even if a few businesses sell LED filament lamps, they won't have too much inventory.Problem 4: difficult to promoteEntering the terminal market, we can find that the LED filament lamp is not as hot as expected for two reasons:1、 Many stores do not promote filament lamps as key products, and consumers' awareness and acceptance of filament lamps are not high;2、 Compared with LED light source products such as bulb and sharp bulb, led filament lamp products have no qualitative change. On the contrary, the price is relatively high and it is difficult to go. Let alone replace the market position of LED bulb, energy-saving lamp and other products.Therefore, at present, the market advantage of LED filament lamp is not very obvious, and the market is basically waiting and trying.At present, the difficulty of pushing led filament lamps in the terminal market lies in:1、 Poor integration between traditional bubble sealing industry and LED packaging industry (concept and process integration);2、 It is not easy to reverse the concept of end consumers;3、 The acceptance of LED filament lamp products by society and government is not clear. In addition, the price of LED filament lamp is high, and consumers have not really distinguished the difference between LED filament lamp and incandescent lamp, which leads to the difficulty of LED filament lamp market promotion.1. Merchants are not active in promotionAt present, if led filament lamps want to achieve good performance in the market, they also need to strengthen publicity and innovation. The development of LED industry is increasingly fierce, and industry standards have been issued one after another, which has exacerbated the market development resistance of LED filament lamps. Especially at this stage, many consumers do not understand led filament lamps, and merchants are not active enough in promoting led filament lamps. Even most merchants are not very optimistic about their development prospects. In actual sales, customers usually see or ask, Businesses will push this product.2. High price makes promotion difficultAt present, it is difficult to promote LED filament lamps in the market. Because consumers do not know much about led filament lamps, the probability of purchase is very small. In addition, due to the impact of e-commerce, the transaction rate of LED in physical stores is lower. Some consumers pay more attention to the price when purchasing products. Therefore, there is still a long way to go for LED filament lamps to enter the families of ordinary consumers.3. Lack of new selling points of LED filament lampsAt present, led filament lamp is in the primary stage of promotion, and very few people know its advantages because of the appearance and original quality of the product
Please Help About Ea Sports Cricket?????
u have to install the patch better.......follow the instructions1. I am not able to activate "classic Batting" in Ea sports cricket 2007. Any idea why?seems you are having the CD of cricket 07 so you first delete the older version from the add or remove programs and then u install the new one2. How Can I Install EA sports Cricket 07 IPL Patch?You must have cricket 2007 installed to use this. 1) Download the file and extract it. 2) From the folder IPL Patch copy all the files and paste in the Game folder usually C:Program FilesEA SPORTSEA SPORTS Cricket 07 3) Next extract all 3 files from IPL roster profile tournament folder 4) Copy all the extracted folder in your documents cricket folder (if unclear reply and i will help u) 5) you are done launch the game.. 6) go to my cricket and load/save 7) load the roster 8) You are Done Ac3. I WANT TO DOWNLOAD EA SPORTS CRICKET?Ok. Download it. Permission granted4. which is better ea sports cricket or brian lara cricket?ea has better graphics but...........well both of them arent good5. EA Sports Cricket 2007 patch with latest players.?There are no latest roster are available but you can Use Player Editor to Rename the players and change their stats you can make this changes in the game and you can also assign faces using Cricket 07 Player Editor. you can change the general of a plyer i.e. making a batsmen a bowler or all rounder6. Why is Pakistan far ahead of India in sports, be it cricket or hockey, despite India being a democracy and Pakistan being a failed state?Who the hell in his sane state of mind asks such a question. Pakistan far ahead of India in sports ,,, that too in Cricket I will just say HA HA HA7. Why is Pakistan far ahead of India in sports, be it cricket or hockey, despite India being a democracy and Pakistan being a failed state?Sports has nothing to do with democracy or being failed state. Cricket is the game between group of 11 people. Everything is in their hand. It is not in the hand of Indian prime minister or with RBI. Sports is the mixture of talent, training, strategy, luck, accident, etc., Sometimes you win, sometimes you lose. If India lose, it is not going to affect its democracy or economy. Same for Pakistan too.So, just concentrate on the game and enjoy.8. I allout all team in 0 run in 50 over odi ea sports cricket 2007 that's my record what is your recor?My record is bowling out teams like Australia for 0 in seven or eight times in 5 star level! In one match i scored 800 in 50 overs and bowled the opposition out for 0 in 5star level. All you have to do is keep bowling swinging yorkers at batsman's legs or keep bowling at his legs and place 2 fielders around leg side to take the catches. You can easily bowl out CPU for 0! Does not matter whether your opponent is a strong team like Australia or not. You can easily hit 6's by going towards your off side and press D right arrow shift (for a right hander). If you time correctly you will get a 6. If not it will fall safe for 2 or 3 runs. So i have also done that. And many others who did that. So no Guinness record here. In this game, CPU's batting is really horrible. And very easy for us to bowl it out for 0.9. how to download ea sports cricket game ?I can not give you any illegal links to do this but when you download the EA manager you can download the game too! :)10. EA Sports Cricket 08 with IPL help!!!!!!!!?EA Sports has the tie up with ECCB cricket australia etc so they have the permission to display the names of their cricketers exactly But they do not have have any bond with BCCI, so they cannot write or display the exact names of our cricketers this entire information will be available in the disclaimer you can also observe that bcci logo will not be available at the starting pages where as england and australia will be present there is no way to change the names of the cricketers in the game
Knowledge About Sports Cricket - YS Raja Reddy Stadium of Sports Cricket
YS Raja Reddy Stadium of sports cricketYS Raja Reddy Cricket Stadium is a cricket stadium in Cuddapah, Andhra Pradesh. Stadium is located at Putlampalle 10km from the heart of Kadapa city and with cost of Rs.8 crores on a 10.50 acre of land with a seating capacity of 15,000 has been completed.The ground has all facilities to host first-class matches and has an 85-yard boundary. YS Raja Reddy-Andhra Cricket Association stadium was initiative of former Chief Minister YS Rajasekhara Reddy and donated Rs.50 lakhs for the stadium. There is also residential academy of Andhra Cricket Association with various facilities.------La Ritournelle of sports cricket"La Ritournelle" is a song by Sbastien Tellier from his 2004 album Politics. It was released as a single on September 26, 2005, and along with the original, this included remixes by Mr. Dan, Jim Noir and Jake Bullit.The track received much critical acclaim. On, Kev writes: "Tellier has created one of the most beautiful, symphonic dance tracks youll ever hear in your lives". The song features drumming by Tony Allen. In October 2011, NME placed "La Ritournelle" at number 110 on its list "150 Best Tracks of the Past 15 Years".------s of sports cricket1950No events.1951No events.1952No events.1953No events.19548 April The first edition of Sportsview is broadcast.16 June - 4 July The FIFA World Cup is broadcast by the BBC for the first time with selected matches shown live.30 December The first BBC Sports Personality of the Year is awarded.1955The BBC shows golf's Open for the first time.1956The BBC shows racing's Glorious Goodwood for the first time..1957No events.195810 October First broadcast of the United Kingdom's multi-sport Saturday afternoon television show Grandstand.1959No events.------Others of sports cricketDavid Walsh (actor), American voice actorDavid Walsh (art collector) (born 1961), owner of the Museum of Old and New Art (MONA) in HobartDavid Walsh (journalist) (born 1955), Irish sports reporterDavid Walsh (mining) (19451998), Canadian businessman, founder and CEO of the mining company Bre-XDavid Walsh (psychologist), founder of the National Institute on Media and the FamilyDavid Walsh (writer) (born 1949), American film critic and political writer for the World Socialist Web SiteDavid M. Walsh (born 1931), American cinematographer------Mining Ground of sports cricketMining Ground is a cricket ground in Rangpo, East Sikkim. It is the official cricket ground in Sikkim and has been leased to Sikkim Cricket Association in 2002 for 20 years by the Government of Sikkim. The ground was established in 1997 when a match of Vijay Merchant Trophy was played between Sikkim Under-16s and Bihar Under-16s. Previously, the ground belongs to Sikkim Mining Corporation was handed over to the Sikkim Cricket Association in 2002 to be developed as a cricket stadium.------Organisations of sports cricketBAA plc, a former British airport operator, now called Heathrow Airport HoldingsBasketball Association of America, the former name of the National Basketball AssociationBilliard Association of America, former name of the Billiard Congress of AmericaBirmingham Architectural Association, a professional association of architects based in Birmingham, EnglandBritish Astronomical Association, a national association of amateur astronomers in the UKBoston Athletic Association, sports association for the city of Boston, hosts such events as the Boston MarathonBroadway Across America, a theatre company------Norman Preston of sports cricketNorman Preston, MBE (18 March 19036 March 1980) was an English cricket journalist.He began his career with the old Pardon's Cricket Reporting Agency in 1933 and served on three overseas tours as Reuters' correspondent. He succeeded his father, Hubert Preston, as editor of Wisden Cricketers' Almanack and was in charge for 29 editions from 1952 until his death in 1980. He was awarded the MBE in the Queen's Silver Jubilee Honours List in 1977. He was succeeded as editor of Wisden by John Woodcock.He and his wife Molly had three children.------Biography of sports cricketReginald Brooks-King was one of seven children born to James Pearce King and Katherine Bagnall in Dixton, Monmouth. Reginald was a student at Kings College, London, studying engineering and applied sciences from 1880 to 1882. From 1886-87 he was second draughtsman in the drawing office of W.G Bagnall. He married Jessie Bagnall in January 1893 and together they had two children, Morrice Brooks-King and Edith Marian Brooks-King. He played minor counties cricket for Wiltshire in the 1903 Minor Counties Championship, making two appearances. Reginald died in 1938 in Devon, United Kingdom.------Piplan of sports cricketLiaqatabad (Urdu: ),previously called Piplan (Urdu: ), is a town in Piplan Tehsil in Mianwali District, situated in Punjab, Pakistan. It is almost 52km (by road) from the district capital Mianwali which lies to the north. Piplan is surrounded by many other similar towns:To the south are the towns of Musa Wali Mattha, Churkin, Jhanbir and Kaloor Kot, To the north are Doaba,_Mianwali, Alluwali, Kundian and Mianwali to the east, Hernoli and Hafiz Wala and to the west is the Indus River.------Pandit Ravishankar Shukla Stadium of sports cricketRavishankar Shukla Stadium is a cricket ground in Durg, Chhattisgarh. The hosted its first match between Madhya Pradesh cricket team against Uttar Pradesh cricket team in 1979. After 20 year, the stadium hosted its first List-A match between Madhya Pradesh cricket team against Uttar Pradesh cricket team where Madhya Pradesh cricket team won 6 wickets. Devendra Bundela and Abbas Ali scored unbeaten 125 and 106 respectively. Then the stadium hosts its last match between Madhya Pradesh cricket team against Uttar Pradesh cricket team in 1999/00 Ranji Trophy and the match was drawn.------Tothill Fields of sports cricketTothill Fields was an 18th-century area of Westminster in the county of Middlesex that lay south of St James's Park on the north bank of the river Thames. One of its main features was a penitentiary.Between 1735 and 1752, it was the home venue of the Westminster Cricket Club. The earliest known match there was in August 1735, when Westminster defeated London by 3 wickets. Records have survived of two Westminster matches there in 1752, both against Addington. The result of the first is unknown and Westminster won the second by 10 runs.------Lamenu Stadium of sports cricketLamenu Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium located in Tanna Island, Vanuatu. Its foremost use if for football purposes attributable to its grass field.There is an Under-15 Centre of Excellence football program at Lamenu Stadium headed by Joel Stephen.A promotional football 'Respect Festival' took place in Vanuatu in February 2016 with Lamenu Stadium hosting the one on Tanna.The Vanuatu Cricket Outreach Programme launched at this venue in 2012.On top of that, it was the venue for the 2017 TVL Cup final, which marked the culmination of the season.------Pithwala Stadium of sports cricketPithwala Stadium is a cricket stadium in Surat, Gujarat, India. The stadium has two Ranji Trophy matches in 1989 and 1992. The stadium hosted its first first-class match when Gujarat cricket team played against Baroda cricket team as match was drawn. Again in 1992 when Gujarat cricket team played against Baroda cricket team as match was won by Baroda by 195 runs.In 2004, the stadium hosted a Women's One Day International when touring Australia women's national cricket team played against India women's national cricket team as Australia won by 32 runs.------The Green, Comber of sports cricketThe Green is a cricket ground in Comber, Northern Ireland and the home of North Down Cricket Club. The ground was established in 1857 and had capacity of 2000 in early days, Ground have two end i.e. Pavilion End and Mount Alexander End. In 1995, the ground hosted its first List A match when Ireland played Kent in the 1995 Benson & Hedges Cup. In 2005, the ground hosted three further List A matches in the 2005 ICC Trophy, which saw matches between Ireland and Uganda, Bermuda and Uganda, and Namibia and Oman.------Lakshitha de Silva of sports cricketLakshitha de Silva (born Muthumuni Raween Lakshitha de Silva on 30 April 1990) is a Sri Lankan cricketer. He is a right-handed batsman and right-arm medium-fast bowler who plays for Seeduwa Raddoluwa Sports Club. He was born in Chilaw. Lakshitha De Silva studied at Royal College ,Colombo 07De Silva, who played for the Under-23s team during the 2009 season, made his List A debut in 2009-10, against Sri Lanka Navy Sports Club. In the first innings in which he batted, he scored 26 runs.------Krishan Dinidu of sports cricketKrishan Dinidu (full name Rankoth Gedara Krishan Dinidu Dananjaya; born 3 June 1990) is a Sri Lankan cricketer. He is a right-handed batsman and right-arm medium-fast bowler who plays for Panadura Sports Club. He was born in Panadura.Having represented the Under-23 team since the 2005 season, he made his List A debut during the 2009-10 season, against Sri Lanka Air Force Sports Club. From the upper-middle order, he scored 19 not out.He made his Twenty20 debut for Panadura Sports Club in the 201718 SLC Twenty20 Tournament on 24 February 2018.------Hurst Park Club Ground of sports cricketHurst Park Club Ground is a cricket ground in East Molesey, Surrey. The ground formerly occupied the round area inside Hurst Park Racecourse. The first recorded match was in 1890 when it hosted its only first-class match between Hurst Park Club and the touring Australians. The ground moved to the far east of the park. 93 years later, Surrey played a single List-A match at the ground against Northamptonshire.In local domestic cricket, the ground is the home venue of East Molesey Cricket Club. The pavilion at the ground was constructed in the 1950s.------Dhangadhi Premier League of sports cricketThe Dhangadhi Premier League (DPL) (Nepali: ) is a franchise Twenty20 cricket league in Nepal. The league was founded by the Dhangadhi Cricket Academy and Sudur Pashchim Academy in 2017.The DPL season runs between the months of March and April, with each team playing 5 matches in round-robin format; the top 4 teams with the best record qualify for the Playoffs and culminates in the final.The current DPL title holders are Team Chauraha Dhangadhi, who won the 2017 season and 2018 Season.------Playing career of sports cricketTuohey made his first grade debut in Round 11 1938 against Eastern Suburbs at the Sydney Sports Ground. Tuohey scored a try in Souths 1938 preliminary final defeat against Easts at the Sydney Cricket Ground.In 1939, Tuohey finished as Souths joint top try scorer including 2 tries against St George in the preliminary final as the club reached the 1939 grand final against minor premiers Balmain. Tuohey played on the wing as Souths were held tryless and suffered a heavy 334 defeat at the Sydney Cricket Ground. The grand final defeat was also Tuohey's final game in rugby league.------Thalassery Stadium of sports cricketThalassery Stadium is located near the Thalassery Civil Station, Kerala state, South India.Thalassery Stadium, also known as the Thalassery Municipal Cricket Ground, hosts the Ranji Trophy cricket matches every year. On this ground, the first ball was bowled in the early 19th century, thanks to Colonel Arthur Wellesley, who brought the game to this Malabar town. In 2002, Thalassery cricket ground celebrated its 200th birthday by hosting a one-day cricket match between India and Sri Lanka sides containing former Test players.------Vista Road Recreation Ground of sports cricketVista Road Recreation Ground is a cricket ground in Clacton-on-Sea, Essex. The first recorded first-class cricket match on the ground was in 1931 when Essex County Cricket Club played there against Lancashire. Essex played a total of 60 first-class matches on the ground between 1931 and 1966, playing their final first-class match there against Leicestershire in the 1966 County Championship.The ground has also held five Second XI fixtures between 1948 and 1952 for the Essex Second XI in the Minor Counties Championship.In local cricket, the ground is the home venue of Clacton Cricket Club.------Senior Women's One Day League of sports cricketThe 201718 Senior Women's One Day League was the 12th edition of the women's List-A cricket competition in India. It was played from 6 December 2017 to 25 December that year in a round-robin format. A total of 27 teams in 2 tiers were divided in 5 groups; 2 in elite group and 3 in plate group. At the end of season the finalists from the plate group were promoted to the elite group and the bottom-most team from each elite group was relegated to the plate group.------Professional player overseas of sports cricketIn 2017, Jagrit has been playing for the cricket clubs in USA. He has represented Somerset Cavaliers in the CLNJ and Millennium Cricket tournaments, Titans CC in Washington Cricket League, Holmdel Cricket club in the T-20 format of CLNJ and Millennium cricket league where he was the top batsman in the Millennium cricket league and Irving cricket club in the Dallas Cricket League. His teams Somerset Cavaliers, Holmdel Cricket club and Irving Cricket club went on to win the championships.
Knowledge About Sports Cricket | Irfan Afridi of Sports Cricket
Irfan Afridi of sports cricketMohammed Irfan Afridi (born 24 March 1985) is a Ugandan cricketer who plays for the Uganda national cricket team. He was born in Karachi, Pakistan, and is a nephew of former Pakistan international cricketer Shahid Afridi. He made his international debut for Uganda in September 2016 against Qatar.In May 2017, he played in the 2017 ICC World Cricket League Division Three tournament in Uganda. In Uganda's match against Malaysia, he scored 108 not out and was named the man of the match.In April 2018, he was named in Uganda's squad for the 2018 ICC World Cricket League Division Four tournament in Malaysia. He was named as the player to watch in the squad ahead of the tournament. In Uganda's second match of the tournament, against Bermuda, he took six wickets for 23 runs and was named the man of the match. In Uganda's next match, against Vanuatu, he scored 51 runs and took three wickets, and was again named the man of the match. He finished as the leading wicket-taker for the tournament, with fifteen dismissals in six matches.In July 2018, he was part of Uganda's squad in the Eastern sub region group for the 201819 ICC World Twenty20 Africa Qualifier tournament. In Uganda's third match of the tournament, against Rwanda, he took five wickets for twelve runs and was named the man of the match. He finished as the leading wicket-taker in the qualifying group, with thirteen dismissals in six matches. In September 2018, he was named in Uganda's squad for the 2018 Africa T20 Cup.In October 2018, he was named in Uganda's squad for the 2018 ICC World Cricket League Division Three tournament in Oman. In Uganda's second match of the tournament, against the United States, Afridi only bowled one over, as his bowling action was deemed to be suspect by the umpire, and he would be no-balled if he continued. Two days later, the International Cricket Council (ICC) deemed his action to be above the levels of the tolerance allowed, concluding that his action was illegal. and he was suspended from bowling in international matches.------List of international cricket centuries by V. V. S. Laxman of sports cricketV. V. S. Laxman is an Indian cricketer who plays as a Middle-order batsman. He has scored a total of 23 centuries (100 or more runs in a single innings) at the international level.N 1 He was named by the Wisden Cricketers' Almanack as one of the five "Cricketers of the year" in 2002.Laxman made his Test debut against South Africa in November 1996, and took almost four years to score his first century when he scored 167 against Australia at the Sydney Cricket Ground in 2000. Laxman's next century came against the same team in 2001, when he made 281 at Eden Gardens, Kolkata. The score is the highest individual score in a Test match between India and Australia. It was also the highest individual score by an Indian at that time. In Test matches, Laxman has scored centuries against all the Test cricket playing nations except England and Bangladesh. As of 2012, he is seventh on the list of leading Test century makers for India. Laxman has scored two double centuries and has been dismissed four times between the score of 90 and 99 in test matches.In ODIs, Laxman has scored six centuries against three countries including four against Australia. His first ODI century was against Australia in the last match of a five match series, held at the Fatorda Stadium in Margao in 2001. His highest score of 131 came against Zimbabwe at the Adelaide Oval in 2004. Two out of his six ODI centuries were scored at home grounds and four were at away (opposition's home) or neutral venues. He has been dismissed once between the score of 90 and 99.------Teams and players (2016) of sports cricketJB Group Dhaka Masters: Ishtiaque Ahmed, (mentor), Naimur Rahman Durjoy (captain), Sanwar Hossain, Shahriar Hossain Bidyut, Mehrab Hossain Opi, Saiful Islam Khan, Monirul Islam Taj, Shahnewaz Kabir Shuvo, Rashedul Haque Sumon, Sajjad Kadir, Zakir Hasan, Dipu Roy Chowdhury, Anisur Rahman, Jalal Younus and Abu Haider Ripon.Confidence Group Dhaka Metro Masters: ASM Farque (mentor), Khaled Mahmud Sujan (captain), Mohammad Rafiq, Niamur Rahman Rahul, Nasir Ahmed Nasu, ASM Moniruzzaman, Imran Parvez Ripon, Anisul Hakim, Iqbal Hossain, Imran Hamid Partho, Mir Ziauddin Ahmed, Sabbir Khan Shafin, Tanveer Ahmed Timir and Ashfaq Rahim.Renaissance Group Rajshahi: Shanewaz Kabir Shanu (mentor), Khaled Mashud Pilot (captain), Alamgir Kabir, Rafiqul Islam Khan, Saifullah Khan Zem, Hannan Sarkar, Abdullah Khan Biplob, Trikul Islam, Morshed Ali Khan Suman, Gazi Alamgir, Mushfiqur Rahman Babu, Jahangir Alam, Shariful Haque Plabon, Umar Sharif Khan and Akter Ahmed Sipar.Gemcon Group Khulna Masters: Umar Khalid Rumi (mentor), Habibul Bashar Sumon (captain), Monjurul Islam, Hasanuzzaman Jhondu, M Selim, Jamal Babu, Mahmudul Hasan Rana, Murad Khan, Ali Imran Rajan, Harunur Rashid Liton, Shafiuddin Ahmed Babu, Tasrikul Islam Totam, Touhidul Islam Chapal, Zesan Hasib and Mizanur Rahman Patwari.Expo All Stars Masters: Rokibul Hasan (mentor), Selim Shahed (captain), Hasibul Hossain Shanto, Ashanul Haque Sejan, Javed Omar Belim, Talha Jubayer, Azam Iqbal, Masudur Rahman, Anisur Rahman, Lavlu Rahman, Syed Adil Ahmed, Sohel Hossain Pappu, Niaz Morshed Nahid, Baki Billah Himel, Fahim Muntasir and Mahbub Anam.Ispahani Chittagong Masters: Azhar Hossain, (mentor), Akram Khan (cricketer) (captain), Minhajul Abedin, Enamul Haque Moni, Tareq Aziz Khan, Aftab Ahmed, Touhidul Hossain Shamol, Humayun Kabir, Anwar Hossain Monir, Jubair Ishtiak Ahmed, Fazle Rabbi Khan Rubel, Nurul Abedin Nobel, Afzal Khan, Fazle Hasan Khan and Mir Akter Uddin Ahmed.------List of international cricket centuries by Kevin Pietersen of sports cricketKevin Pietersen is an English cricketer and former captain of the England cricket team. He has scored centuries (100 or more runs in a single innings) in Test and One Day International (ODI) matches, on twenty-three and nine occasions respectively. As of 1 January 2013, Pietersen has played 104 Tests and 136 ODIs for England, scoring 8,181 and 4,440 runs respectively and is the first batsman to reach 5,000 or more runs in Test cricket in under five years. His performances in the 2005 Ashes series led to Pietersen being named one of five Wisden Cricketers of the Year for 2006 and being appointed a Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) in the 2006 New Year Honours.Pietersen made his Test debut against Australia in July 2005, when he was called into the team to replace Graham Thorpe for the first Test of the 2005 Ashes series. He made his first century during the fifth Test of the series at The Oval; his 158 in the third innings enabled England to draw the match and win the series 21. His career best score of 227 also came against Australia in the second Test of the 201011 Ashes series at the Adelaide Oval. Pietersen has scored centuries against all Test cricket playing nations, with the exception of Bangladesh and Zimbabwe. He is most successful against India, against whom he has scored six centuries. He is joint twenty-third among all-time Test century makers,A and second in the equivalent list for England.Pietersen made his ODI debut in 2004 against Zimbabwe at the Harare Sports Club. His first century was against South Africa at Goodyear Park, Bloemfontein in February 2005. His highest ODI score is 130 against Pakistan in February 2012 at the DSC Cricket Stadium, Dubai. Pietersen played 37 Twenty20 International (T20I) matches since his debut in 2005, without scoring a century. His highest score in the format was 79 against Zimbabwe, in September 2007.------History and role of sports cricketThe Board's aim is to nurture the game of cricket at a recreational level, increase the levels of participation in cricket, identify and nurture future county players, and provide players with the opportunities to advance to the highest level of the game.Three years after the HCB was formed, the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) reformed the NatWest Trophy by allowing all twenty Minor counties and the cricket boards of all first-class English counties. These matches held List A status, with the HCB defeating Suffolk in its first match in the 1999 NatWest Trophy. The HCB played eight List A matches before the ECB reduced the competitions size, which resulted in the cricket boards being excluded from future competitions. It won three of its eight matches. The HCB employed the services of future international players Graeme Smith and Chris Tremlett, and played its home matches at the County Ground, Southampton, Grasmere Road, Cove, the Rose Bowl, and The Quarters, Hursley Park. The Board was also permitted to take part in the Minor counties one-day competition between 1998 and 2002.As part of its role to develop the game in Hampshire the HCB offers a number of ECB accredited courses involving coaching, physical training, umpiring and scoring. Qualified coaches are then able to join the HCB Coaches Association and ECB Coaches Association, with both associations helping coaching communication and individual practical development. The HCB Association is run by a management committee which consists of officials from local cricket clubs which are affiliated with the HCB.------Overview of sports cricketSachin Tendulkar said "the facilities exceeded all expectations" and Ricky Ponting commented on the comfort in the changing rooms.Rajasthan Royals skipper Shane Warne was extremely pleased with the "largeness of the ground" after his team's two-run win over Deccan Chargers. "Michael Lumb's slog to deep mid-wicket found a fielder. Now, if this was M. A. Chidambaram Stadium or M. Chinnaswamy Stadium, then that ball would have landed in a taxi going to the team hotel. We need big grounds like these," Warne said. It has 80-yard straight boundaries and 85-yard square boundaries, which makes it one of the largest grounds (in terms of playing area) in the world.Lalit Modi said the VCA was "by far the best stadium in India". The stadium has been praised not only by the players but also by commentators and journalists because of the facilities. Alan Wilkins said, "It is a fabulous stadium, a Colosseum here in Nagpur. It has the most impressive Press box for the travelling media. It really is a wonderful venue."The first international match at this venue was the Fourth Test between India and Australia in November 2008, which India won by 172 runs. The Australian spinner Jason Krejza finished with 12 wickets, while Harbhajan Singh claimed seven for India.Four matches were played at the stadium during the 2011 Cricket World Cup. The highest Test scores are by India: 566/8, 558/6 and 441. The leading run scorers in Tests are Virendar Sehwag (357), Virat Kohli (354) and MS Dhoni (339). The leading wicket takers in a Test are R Ashwin (23 wickets), Ishant Sharma (19) and Harbhajan Singh (13 wickets). The highest ODI scores are by India 354/7, India 351/4, Australia 350/6, New Zealand 302/7 and Sri Lanka 302/7. The leading scorers in ODIs are Virat Kohli (325), Mahendra Singh Dhoni (268) and Rohit Sharma (204). The leading wicket takers in ODIs are Mitchell Johnson (9 wickets), Ravindra Jadeja (6 wickets) and Dale Steyn (5) and Harbhajan Singh (5).
What Is the Title of the Piece of Music Played in the Fox Sports Cricket Adds?
What has your Q got to do with cricket???????????????1. guys i already got the control keys for EA SPORTS CRICKET 2005 but when iam trying that they doesnt work?hi arun this is rockstar to hit the six u need use the combination of 3 keys i.e. 1.For hitting six standing in the crease in which the s shift is the basic combination for hitting straight sshiftup arrow. for hitting over midwicket sshiftleft arrow for hitting over cover sshiftdown arrowright arrow for hitting over mid on sshiftdown arrow left arrow 2. for hitting the ball by coming to front foot just replace the S by D.2. which is better ea sports cricket or brian lara cricket?brian lara cricket is better than ea sports3. Which Cricket game is better: EA sports Cricket 2007 or Brian Lara 2007?ea mate but the other 1 is good4. I have ea sports Cricket 07 game.How can i still save a player wich i were create?After you have created a player,you should replace one member of the cricket team by your created player .Then go to the Load/save option and click on the save menu.You should go to roster and save the file. Your player will be saved.5. i need a name for my sports/cricket coompany-been steady away without a name but need one.Simple but creative.?ok i will try for that6. EA Sports Cricket 2005 XBox, Batting Help!?Use the practice feature where you go into the nets. From there you can learn what type of shot to play for each ball bowled. Good luck7. Can anyone tell me how to install EA Sports Cricket 2007?Just copy all the files in CD and run directly cricket 2007 file8. How I will get free (no copyright) images of sports (cricket, football, wrestling etc) to use in my website/blog? If I will have to give credit, then what's the process to give credit?I'll note that you're not specifying professional sports-however I imagine you can find a few free images of those as well.First, browse the web for free images. There are sites that provide them.Next, look in Wikimedia. Now, the images there will be under a Creative Commons copyright, and in some cases they'll allow use under certain condiditons, and in others different conditions.How to credit them? Just append a note, such as "image found on Wikimedia and is used under the terms of the Creative Commons copyright" or "image found on , used under public domain provisions". Thank your for being ethical and crediting sources.How I will get free (no copyright) images of sports (cricket, football, wrestling etc) to use in my website/blog? If I will have to give credit, then what is the process to give credit?9. EA Sports Cricket 2008 Released with screenshots Download now?EA circket video games r crap. they r so affordable they make it a similar each and every 300 and sixty 5 days yet purely have greater suitable pics. I cant expresss how shi.t does video games r. Y no longer purchase a non EA cricket activity, i gurrentee it is going to likely be plenty greater suitable i am going to guess oz..s existence on it10. how to stump in ea sports cricket 2007?i play ea cricket 07 and the wicket-keeper automaticly stump the wicket11. please help about ea sports cricket?????u have to install the patch better.......follow the instructions12. which one is a better cricket game? brian lara cricket 2007or the ea sports cricket 2007?Absolutely BLIC2K7. It Rocks. EA Sports Cricket is having weak graphics and weak AI. Play BLIC In test mode. you will understand the difficulty (rather brilliance of programmers) of the game... there are few occasions where still few bugs are prevailing. . but that's acceptable .13. Why is Pakistan far ahead of India in sports, be it cricket or hockey, despite India being a democracy and Pakistan being a failed state?Far ahead... Well, let me digest and imagine that for a while... Huh! Still not done, and will never be done... Because of the simple fact that it is not possible. At least, not if you guys keep following the current path...Most of the others have correctly evaluated this by showing the ranking comparisons between India and Pakistan across the various sports that both the countries play. So by this time, you must have realized where you actually stand. So I am not going into that and embarrass you further (the good neighbour that we are).Anyways, I would like to point out to you guys that you should first acknowledge the situation that you are in. Only then can you understand what you need to overcome to make a comeback of sort. I know the situation is quite difficult out there in Pakistan. The country is not going through the best of the phases. Understandably winning an International Cricket tournament, that too by defeating India means so much to you guys. I take it. But have you realized the below:(i) Importance of the win - Nobody really cares about the ICC Champions Trophy, when it comes to the ICC World Cup. And we have won that more number of times than you. More recently too.(ii) You are a Nobody - The fact that you are a real nobody, when it comes to sports other cricket and hockey. (Consider yourself lucky, I am still counting hockey as one of your powers, even after the recent thrashing that you guys have suffered against us - 7-1 and 6-1 bashing.) Where is your performance in the other arenas? Do the people of the world even know your team exists? Time to ponder, right?(iii) Olympics - How many Olympic medals have you guys won? A total of 10, with Rome 1960 being the most successful year for you guys, where you managed to win 2 medals - a gold medal in field hockey and a bronze medal in wrestling. You guys have not won a single medal at the Olympic games since 1992 Barcelona. Long time, right? Definitely so. I agree that even we have not been able to win that many Olympic medals, but at least we bring something back from the event every year home (at least in the recent years).(iv) Grudge Call- Just because you know that you can't surpass us everywhere or rather anywhere, aren't you guys just putting added pressure and importance on this victory of yours? You very well that the GDP of your entire country is almost equal to that of our Mumbai. Speaks very much of your economy. You know your army don't stand a chance in front of ours. The four battles that we have fought tells pretty much this only. I am not going into Literacy, Industrialization and other development factors to further embarrass you. Told you, we are good neighbours... ;) So with all these areas, where you know you lag so much, out of the blue, you get this opportunity to win and become the Raja for a night! Who lets it go! Jump into the situation and take all the grudge calls that you can possibly take. Just one victory in cricket makes you far ahead of India in sports! Great, mate! Peace of mind, right? I know!References:Pakistan at the Olympics - WikipediaWhy is Pakistan far ahead of India in sports, be it cricket or hockey, despite India being a democracy and Pakistan being a failed state?
Lipstick to Cosmetics Factory Processing Plant, Let Your Mouthbleast Is More Healthy
Lipstick to Cosmetics Factory Processing Plant, Let Your Mouthbleast Is More Healthy
IT'S an ongoing debate amongstwomen far and wide: is it really worth splurging on luxury make-up?With the news this week thatone in three women are putting make-up ahead of household bills, we have brought in make-up artist Sophie Fleur Thorp to partake in a blind testso that we canreach some kind of a conclusion...Cheap ThrillsMiss Sporty Mission Correction Multi-Action Foundation in Medium, £2.99MUA Blusher in Cupcake, £1Collection Velvet Kiss Moisturising Lip Cream in Mulberry, £2.99MUA Intense Glitter Eyeliner in Starry Night, £1Collection Extreme Coloured Lengthening Mascara in Black, £2.99Total: £10.97The Verdict“The three-in-one foundation concealer is quite disappointing. The texture is too thick, yet it doesn’t conceal imperfections and, instead of highlighting the skin, it leaves it looking matte. I struggled to build this up to hide problem areas without it looking caked on, so I’d recommend using a separate product to blur or hide any blemishes. The mascara is OK, although it doesn’t offer anything special and needs to be layered up to really get the volume and length I desire. The real winners are the liquid lipstick – it doesn’t budge and the pigments are vibrant – and the blusher, which delivers intense colour with a subtle shimmer. The eyeliner is also great. For a kohl pencil, it went on smoothly, with little pressure or pulling, and I was able to build it up and blend it out to create a glittery, smoky eye.”Mid-range MagicMax Factor Miracle Match Foundation Blur & Nourish in Caramel, £12.99Gosh Natural Blush in Electric Pink, £7.99Sleek Makeup Cleopatra’s Kiss Highlighting Palette, £9.99Rimmel London Lasting Finish Lipstick by Kate Moss in 005, £4.99Soap & Glory Supercat Easy Precision Black Ink Eyeliner, £6Bourjois Volume Reveal Mascara in Radiant Black, £9.99Total: £51.95The Verdict“I love that I can build up the foundation to disguise imperfections without needing a separate concealer. And the highlighting palette is going straight into my kit! The cream and powder combo is great, as you can mix them together to intensify the glow, plus it also doubles up as a shimmery eyeshadow. The mascara gave my lashes amazing volume and comes with a handy mirror – great for on the go. The lipstick is also impressive as it has the perfect balance of strong pigments and moisture, making it last all day. I wasn’t keen on the eyeliner, though. It took ages to dry, and left smudges and an imprint every time I blinked.”Super SplurgeYSL Touche Éclat Le Teint in BD60, £32.50Urban Decay Naked Skin Weightless Complete Coverage Concealer in Medium Neutral, £17.50Estée Lauder Pure Colour Envy Sculpting Blush in Plush Petal, £29Marc Jacobs Kiss Pop Lip Colour Stick in Headliner, £24Nars Unrestricted Matte Eyeliner Stylo in Black, £21Charlotte Tilbury Legendary Lashes Mascara in Black Vinyl, £25Total: £149The Verdict“Although this foundation didn’t make the same promises of concealing and highlighting as the other two did, it offered both and then some.My skin felt smooth, hydrated and illuminated – and there was little need for concealer. The blush palette offers a gradient of colour, meaning that you can both highlight and blush in one sweep. However, the shade was too light and blurred into the highlighter, so didn’t give the result I wanted. I wasn’t keen on the bullet shape of the lipstick – I prefer a hard edge, so you can get a clean line along your pout. The eyeliner went on well and dried immediately, and I was blown away by the mascara! After two swipes, I had full lashes without any hard work or layering.”Sophie’s best of the bunch YSL Touche Éclat Le Teint in BD60, £32.50Sleek Makeup Cleopatra’s Kiss Highlighting Palette, £9.99Rimmel London Lasting Finish Lipstick by Kate Moss in 005, £4.99MUA Intense Glitter Eyeliner in Starry Night, £1Charlotte Tilbury Legendary Lashes Mascara in Black Vinyl, £25 The Overall Verdict“This test goes to show that you can mix and match high-end and high-street brands to create the perfect make-up bag – for your pocket and your face!”Now that you've got your dream kit sorted, try these tips to help you get your face ready in just fives minutes.Stockists: Bourjois (, Charlotte Tilbury (, Collection (, Estée Lauder (, Gosh (, Marc Jacobs (, Max Factor (, Miss Sporty (, MUA (, Mars (, Rimmel London (, Sleek Makeup (, Soap & Glory (, Urban Decay (, YSL (
Is the Used Car Dealer I Bought My Car From Liable at All Since My Airbags Did Not Deploy?
Is the Used Car Dealer I Bought My Car From Liable at All Since My Airbags Did Not Deploy?
Is the used car dealer I bought my car from liable at all since my airbags did not deploy?Air bags know when to deploy. They are pretty smart— — — — — —WHAT SPEED SHOULD CAR AIR BAGS GO OFF AT?They do not explode on the basis of speed. They do go off on the basis of vibration, via a shock sensing system. You could be stopped, and if someone hits you on the back at a high speed, sufficiently strong, then the bags will go off on your face.They are primary targets for decapitation).— — — — — —can i be sued for not letting my car buyer know that the air bags didnt work?Used cars are usually sold "as is". However, there is laws in most states that you have to give money back within a few days, if they want it. This is state law, so it's different everywhere.— — — — — —does a 1978 pontiac firebird have air bags? if not is there a way that i could install some?I had a 1976 and I am 6'3" there is plenty of leg room. No they did not have air bags. There are no retrofit kits to add them. A custom installation would cost more than the car is worth. Get it and have fun— — — — — —I was hit front and back of my car and my airbags didn't deploy?Air bags are designed to deploy when you vehicle is going over a certain speed. I certainly doubt you will be able to sue— — — — — —What's the best car for someone to get as a "first car"?smothing with a full compliment of air bags all around— — — — — —Air Bag to Glove Compartment?Bad idea. replace the air bag. If it's wreck again and the passenger is hurt, it's on you— — — — — —Should i keep a vehicle that been in an accident several times n air bags deployed?I agree with the redneck lol. but if it was me... i wouldnt keep it— — — — — —" How long are air bags supposed to last?"?There's no way anyone here can tell you for sure what the problem is with the information provided, but all of the new body style Volkswagens, including the Touaregs, have recently had many faults relating to the side airbags in the front seats. Most of these faults are fixed by simply bypassing the side airbag connector located under the seat with wire overlays. However, it could be any number of other things, crash sensors, seat belt latches, the passenger occupant detection system, the list goes on. I would get it checked out though as soon as you can, because in the event of an accident, the airbag system may not work as designed— — — — — —how do air bags in cars help to reduce the force of impact on passengers in car accidents?The airbags absorb the blow of impact, slowing you down much more gently than the windshield. The airbags inflates, then deflates as your face and head are pushed against it, dissipating much of the momentum and lowering the over all force exerted on your head— — — — — —1994 Mer. GM Air bag light blinks on and off. Can air bags deploy without collision? Why does it blink?Have it checked by the dealer. Do not screw around with safety items .— — — — — —had a car accident the air bags didnt come off, should i sue the car company?YEs dude call them rtell them what happen get your inshurence involved with this ad Bam ur gonna get allot of money out of this— — — — — —I was in a car accident and my air bags didn't deploy. I'm was driving a 96 Sunfire? Do I have law suit ?Sure. Anyone can sue anyone. Have fun paying the legal fees— — — — — —Do air bags really protect you all that much?If you are in US. then you should have an airbag in your car. Its a rule— — — — — —can we sue for the air bags not deploying by hiting a tree head on?My opinion is that since the tree was uprooted , the vehicle did not experience a severe nough stop for the air bag to deploy.— — — — — —If a car gets hit by lightning, will the air bags be activated?Yes it can and this has happened many times, that airbag can pop right out if the car gets hit by lightning
How Does Money Laundering Work?
How Does Money Laundering Work?
How does money laundering work?Here's how it works: The problem with money generated from crime- especially large scale organised crime- is that you need to have some explanation as to where the money is coming from, otherwise you will raise suspicion with the authorities. Money laundering is the process of disguising this illegally obtained money as legitimate profits, which you can then use without attracting attention. The most common way to do this is for criminals to own some kind of legitimate business, normally called a "front". They can then disguise their illegal money as profits obtained by this business. For example, suppose you owned a nightclub and charged entry to get in. In a typical night, perhaps you get 200 patrons. A money launderer might instead record that they had 400 patrons per night, and enter their illegally obtained money as entry fees for the 200 fake customers. They can now say they obtained the money legitimately as part of their business. Obviously, this is entirely illegal, and many organised criminals are brought down by money laundering and related charges, rather than for their other crimes. As such, you have to be very careful when doing. Good money-laundering operations use fronts that do not use up too many physical resources, so it's hard to confirm how much of its business is legit.— — — — — —Money laundering: how banks stay one step ahead of criminal activityMoney laundering is a technique used by criminals-from mobsters, drug traffickers, terrorists, to corrupt politicians-in order to cover their financial tracks after illegally obtaining money. It's well-known that money laundering can often involve foreign banks and legitimate businesses-so how do banks actively prevent money laundering from happening? The answer? Anti-money laundering. Anti-money laundering is a way for banks and other financial institutions to detect suspicious activity. By doing so, they help prevent criminal profits from becoming camouflaged and integrated into the financial system. Here's the lowdown on the techniques banks use to fight back against criminal financial activity. Money laundering is a process that disguises the source of criminal money in order to make it appear legal. Since 1990, money laundering itself has been a crime-and it's easy to see why. Money laundering is big business, with an estimated €740 billion to €2 trillion laundered each year. That's an eye-watering 2% to 5% of the global economy. In the EU alone, €197.2 billion is laundered each year. Profits gained from criminal activity is often known as "dirty" money, because it links directly to the crime and can be traced. In particular, lugging around physical cash-think dodgy deals and briefcases filled with bank notes-is far from logistical. Criminals need to "clean" the money, so that it can appear legal and be used for investments without fear of being caught. That's what money laundering is-"washing" dirty money to make it clean. Money laundering typically follows a basic three-step process. The first step is placement-this is the point where dirty money first enters the financial system. Layering then hides the source of the money using various bookkeeping tricks. And once the source of the money has been successfully disguised, comes the last step-integration, when clean money can be withdrawn or invested. Money laundering techniques vary in complexity. The most common method is to process dirty money through another cash-based business. Many criminal organizations own multiple "front organizations," from restaurants to casinos. Legitimate profits from these businesses mix with criminal money, hiding the source. Breaking Bad fans will remember Walter White purchasing the A1A Car Wash to launder the money that he made from his drug business. Another technique is called structuring, which is the act of dividing large sums of money into smaller amounts and spreading them across multiple accounts. Anti-money laundering policy in the EU means that transactions of €10,000 and higher are investigated. Structuring bypasses this by depositing multiple smaller amounts that appear less suspicious. Other techniques used by money launderers include: • None Currency exchanges where dirty money is exchanged by foreign currency providers. The provider may be unaware of the money's origin, or that the cash-based business is a front organization. • None Real estate purchases allow criminals to transform their money into houses and business property, which can later be sold. • None The art industry has also been targeted for money laundering, due to its levels of secrecy and the potential for high-value items. In 1989, the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) was created to combat money laundering. The FATF organization sets the framework for anti-money laundering (AML) policies, and supervises countries to make sure that they comply. Individual countries also have their own supervisory schemes that oversee national institutions. Globally, the UN, World Bank and International Monetary Fund all have AML schemes in place. Anti-money laundering is a framework for putting best practices into action in order to detect suspicious activity. The easier it is for criminals to spend illegal money undetected, the more likely they are to commit crimes in the future. As a result, AML regulations make "obligated entities" be aware of red flags to watch out for, and makes sure that such institutions proactively monitor their clients' activities. But who exactly are the "obligated entities?" Obligated entities refers to institutions that encounter financial transactions, which could be targeted by money launderers. These include banks, payment processors, and gaming or gambling businesses. In the EU, the European Banking Authority sets guidelines and regulations on supervision. Anti-money laundering supervisors then monitor each individual institution to see how effectively they carry out their AML tasks. Institutions have to comply with customer due diligence. The Anti-Money Laundering Directive (AMLD) is a EU-wide law that provides a framework for institutions across Europe. Transactions between "high risk" countries and transaction amounts of €10,000 or more are carefully monitored. Suspicious activity is then reported. As the foundation of the financial system, banks need a sharp eye to spot suspicious behavior. Like all institutions, banking AML policies are shaped by the framework set by the FATF. Frontline employees are trained in anti-money laundering techniques and are legally required to report suspicious activity. Banks may hire employees whose purpose is to boost anti-money laundering practices. These security experts are known as AML compliance officers. In addition, AML banking is supported by three key factors: identity checks, AML holding periods, and AML transaction monitoring software. Specific institutions, such as banks, are required to follow Know Your Customer (KYC) processes. These are the steps that banks must take to verify the identity of their customers. Although anti-money laundering policies provide the framework, individual banks are responsible for their own customers, and it's their responsibility to flag high risk transactions. So what do banks verify? Know Your Customer policies require banks to verify the customer's name, date of birth, address, and occasionally additional information, such as occupation. Banks typically ask customers to verify their identity with ID documents when opening an account. More recently, banks are using biometric identification, such as face or voice recognition, and fingerprint scans. Another tactic to help prevent money laundering is the AML holding period. This is a policy where deposits must stay in an account for a minimum of five trading days. Slowing down the process assists with anti-money laundering measures, and allows more time for risk assessments to take place. Many banks have millions of customers, and oversee millions of transactions. With such a high volume, it's impossible to manually monitor every single transaction. That's where AML transaction monitoring software comes in-this technology allows banks and other financial institutions to monitor transactions on a daily or real-time basis. Such software combines different sources of information, such as the account holder's history, risk-assessment, and the details of individual transactions such as the total sum of the money, countries involved, and the nature of purchase. Transactions can include cash deposits, wire transfers, and withdrawals. When a transaction is deemed to be high risk, it's flagged by the system as suspicious activity.
The Benefits of Water Dispenser for Your Business
The Benefits of Water Dispenser for Your Business
Just so you know, here's how your color coding looks to those with protanopia, the most common form of red/green colorblindnessI am currently trying to come up with an intuitive design for a touch free sink faucet that allows for both hot and cold temperature settings. Most touch free sinks involve one sensor to start the water flowing and you're stuck with whatever temperature comes out, which is usually just a mix of the two. After some research I found some designs incorporated a knob on the side to allow temperature settings, however in public restrooms a truly hands free design is strongly desired even if youre about to wash them, hence the invention of hands free soap dispensers even though it is putting sanitizing soap on your hands after touching it.The initial design I thought of was something like this:The user puts their hand over red sensor to start hot water, blue to start cold, both to start medium.However, there are some obvious oversights:The sensors aren't in front of the faucet, so they will keep stopping forcing you to wave over them again.The "medium" setting is not very intuitiveTo fix number one I added the middle black sensor, that way you activate the temperature states first by waving over the colored sensors, and then the water starts when you wave in front of the black one like typical hands-free faucets.However, I believe this to be even less intuitive and too many steps to simply wash your hands.So, are either of these designs intuitive or is there a more streamlined and easily understandable way to incorporate hot and cold functionality into a truly hands free faucet?
What Is the Best Brand of Air Pump for Aquariums and How Do You Determine What Size to Get?
What Is the Best Brand of Air Pump for Aquariums and How Do You Determine What Size to Get?
What is the best brand of air pump for aquariums and how do you determine what size to get?you can buy a small or medium one very cheap at anl large outlet store that sells pets or fish supplies you will want a valve of some sorts to help regulate air flow— — — — — —Air Flow, Air Systems, Pressure, and Fan PerformanceFor kitchen ventilation applications an air system consists of hood(s), duct work, and fan(s). The relationship between the air flow rate (CFM) and the pressure of an air system is expressed as an increasing exponential function. The graph below shows an example of a system curve. This curve shows the relationship between the air flow rate and the pressure of an air system.— — — — — —What type of windows provide the best air flow?I would think that any window which opened completely would be the ones of choice not ones which only opened half way, the screen would be on the inside not out so no problem with bugs or anything else— — — — — —Opinion On This Gaming Pc? Specs Below?hi Lewis, I do not think too highly of it and if I were you I would not be caught bringing this pack of trouble in your home and that's a fact. like I said before stay away from Pentium parts and the next question you ask is asking about a video card that is a Pentium part the Nvidia GeForce gtx 650 so if you buy this computer welcome to crash and burn hotel. this is not a place you want to be so I will not go into more detail except mid sized computers has very little air flow so just try something for yourself to fully get the real impact go to newegg, amazon or tigerdirect and read what it saids about thermaltake arrow cases or cooler haf and you will see what they say about air flow then read what it saids about mid sized cases and you will see why I recommended the computer repairman building you a computer. prefab computers are the pits. good luck I hope I was helpful to you.— — — — — —What is the difference between the air pre-heater & air blower?AIR PRE HEATER. - An air preheater (APH) is any device designed to heat air before another process with the primary objective of increasing the thermal efficiency of the process. . they may be used alone or to replace a recuperative heat system or replace Steam coil. AIR BLOWER ------ This device makes use of the rotating impellers to increase the speed of the air gushing out of the drive out shaft. An air blower accelerate air flow radially .while changing the directions by 90 degree. these Power Tools mostly used in heating, ventilation and air conditioner (HA AC) industries— — — — — —Can I treat cat dandruff at home?Adding or increasing the amount of fish oil in their diet can be extremely helpful. Brushing is also important to make sure that there is not a lot of loose hair that is reducing air flow next to the skin. You can use a humidifier or even just let water steam on the stove to help increase the humidity in the room. Instead of attempting a bath just use a wet cloth to wipe them down. they may even enjoy that a bit— — — — — —What's the easiest way to add hp to the stock motor?#1 Better air cleaner.#2 Better spark plugs#3 Better exhaust pipe, muffler.#4 Better coil, distributor, ICM.#5 Better carb or injectors.#6 Better Exhaust manifolds or headers.Think of the engine as an air pump. Anything you can do to improve air flow in, cumbustion and air flow out will help. The order of this list will change depending on cost of parts.— — — — — —What direction is the air flow on my home heater?usually the air is being pulled past the filter not pushed into it— — — — — —Do High-MERV Filters Always Reduce Air Flow?Over the past few months, I've taken a look at some critical issues for indoor air quality. Starting with the issue of how much time we spend indoors, I then wrote about kitchen ventilation, the panoply of indoor air pollutants, problems with filters in general and with high-MERV filters. Now let's take the next step: a look at what research has been done on high-MERV filters and what can be done to overcome those unintended consequences I wrote about. In this article, John Proctor summarized some of the results he and his colleagues have found from studying California homes. One of the concerns in their research for the California Energy Commission was homeowners changing out 1″ thick standard fiberglass filters with 1″ thick pleated filters. The Air Conditioning Contractors of America (ACCA) protocols for HVAC design assume a pressure drop of 0.10 inches of water column (i.w.c.) across the filter. (Keep that number, 0.1 i.w.c., in mind as a reference point. I will be coming back to it.) If a system is designed with a standard filter for that pressure drop, the pressure drop with a pleated filter of the same size will most likely be higher. In addition, poorly designed and installed duct systems already have external static pressures that are too high. The typical furnace or air handler is rated for 0.5 i.w.c. but many run much higher pressure. David Richardson of the National Comfort Institute says that in the testing they've done, the average system is running at about 0.82 i.w.c. Result: In the California study, Proctor et al. found that the pressure drop across the filter in 34 HVAC systems was 0.28 i.w.c. That's nearly three times what ACCA protocols assume. It's also more than half of the rated external static pressure for the whole system. Article: Is There a Downside to High-MERV Filters? by David Springer, Home Energy Magazine, 2 November 2009 David Springer of the Davis Energy Group published this great article with a lot of detail about what they did and what they found, including blower energy use, compressor energy use, and the specific filters they tested. I will let you go there for the details because here I am mainly going to focus on the issue of pressure drop across the filter and the resulting effect on air flow. And speaking of filter pressure drop, here's their chart for filters with MERV ratings from 2 to 13. They tested all the filters at the same width and height (16″ x 25″) but the depth varied from 1″ to 4″. They used 492 feet per minute (fpm) as the face velocity because that's what the ASHRAE filter standard (52.2) calls for. With that face velocity and those dimensions, the air flow rate is 1,367 cubic feet per minute (cfm). (Flow rate equals area times velocity; see my article on the continuity equation for more on this.) Results: As you can see, there's not a steady increase in pressure drop as the MERV rating increases. What does happen, though, is that the pressure drop jumps up significantly as soon as you change from the standard 1″ fiberglass filter (MERV-2) to the next level at MERV-6. They also found "a definite trend toward lower air flow with higher-MERV filters for systems using PSC motors." (PSC stands for "permanent split capacitor." A PSC motor is the one powering most HVAC blowers. Variable speed blowers have electronically commutated motors, ECMs.) The final result I will mention here is that they did not see as much difference as they expected for filters of different depths. For example, "the 4-inch Filtrete 1550 (MERV 12) was only marginally better than the 1-inch Filtrete 1700 (also MERV 12) and the two other [1-inch] MERV 11 filters of the same brand (1000 and 1085)." Article: The Effects of Filtration on Pressure Drop and Energy Consumption in Residential HVAC Systems (pdf) by Brent Stephens, Atila Novoselac, PhD, and Jeffrey A. Siegel, PhD, HVAC&R Research, Vol. 16, #3, May 2010 This one is an academic paper so if you want all the details, equations, and references to other works, click the link above and download the paper. (Brent was a student at the time he wrote this paper and has a page on his filter research on his website at the Illinois Institute of Technology, if you want to dive even deeper.) They looked at filter pressure drop and energy consumption, both theoretically and using four months of data from two air conditioning systems in a test house in Austin, Texas. Results: What they found is what you would expect, and in their limited range of MERV ratings tested, they did see an increase with each step up the MERV scale. Here are their results for filter pressure drop: So the low-MERV filter is hitting the ACCA design pressure drop. The mid-MERV is twice as much and the high-MERV is three times as much. They also found that air flow in the high-MERV filters dropped by 7% and 11% in the two HVAC systems compared to the low-MERV filters. Likewise, the mid-MERV filters also showed decreased air flow relative to the low-MERV fitlers, this time 3% and 8% lower in the two systems. As you can see above, the research shows that in general, HVAC systems with high-MERV filters* have a higher pressure drop across the filter. This part is common to all three studies above. What happens with the air flow depends on what kind of blower the HVAC system uses. In a system with a PSC blower, the air flow drops and energy use does not change much. The Stephens paper cites a 2002 study showing that 90% of all residential HVAC systems had PSC blowers. Certainly that number has fallen in the past 16 years, as high-performance homes and high-performance HVAC systems have become more popular. But I am sure the great majority of homes still have PSC motors running the blower. For those with the other type, the electronically commutated motor (ECM), the controls on those motors typically ramp up the motor speed as the pressure increases so relatively constant air flow is maintained. But there's a penalty. Blowers with ECMs can be more efficient than those with PSC motors when they are operating against the pressure they are designed for. But when the pressure is higher, they can end up using more energy than the PSC blower. So what can you do to be able to use a high-MERV filter* and not suffer a high pressure drop across the filter and the resulting loss of air flow (PSC blower) or increased energy use (ECM blower)? It's actually pretty simple. You just have to make the filter large enough to have a low face velocity. And that's where I am going next with this series. You can get a head start by reviewing the other articles I've written on this topic in the past few months, especially the one on the continuity equation. The Path to Low Pressure Drop Across a High-MERV Filter What Percent of Time Do You Spend Indoors? * These are affiliate links for Amazon and TruTech Tools. You pay the same price you would pay normally, but Energy Vanguard makes a small commission if you buy after using the link.
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