3-way Switch for Light with Fan Controlled by Switch Built into Fan. Odd Wiring Layout. Wiring Assis

A white wire connected to one or more black wires in a fixture box means that the white wire and its associated (in the same cable) black wire is a switch leg. The switch leg's black wire, after returning from the switch(es), is the one you connect to the light fixture as its hot wire. The switch leg's other end connects to either a single pole or a 3-way switch.

1. Mole To Mass To Molecules and Vise Versa. [3 way , 2 way , 1 way switch ]?

You have them all correct. You need to pay attention to your significant figures in your answers though, depending on the marker you will loose marks for incorrect sig figs. For example, in the last question, the number of formula units is given with 3 sig figs, so your answer will need to be given to 3 sig figs = 0.9003322259 moles = 0.900 mol (3 sig figs) I have never seen your technique before either, it took me a minute to realise that you were converting your calculations to a whole number fraction, is this required of you? This is kind of an extra step that is not necessary, and doing extra steps just increases your chance of making mistakes. eg 2) How many atoms of potassium are in 2.14 g of potassium? (2.14) divided by (39.098) = 1070/19549 and we multiple that by (6.02 X 10 (23)) = 3.295 X 10(23) atoms. Just go (2.14 g / 39.098 g/mol) x 6.02x10(23) atoms/mol = 3.30x10(23) atoms (3 sig figs)

2. how will i make my elec. guitar sound heavier? it has a 1 x humbucker pickups, 1 V 2 T control. 3 way switch?

I ai not gonna happen with that amp...sorry. You need something with a 12" speaker for starters. A 6" will not handle heavy distortion. There is just no way around getting a better amp if you want a "heavy" sound.

3. Why does my old 3-way switch have 4 wires?

Comaboy is giving you good advice. I will just add that the "extra" black wire is probably carrying unswitched power to another box, probably an outlet, on the same circuit

4. 2 way switch to 2 single switches?

I think you are confused so allow me to ask a few questions. First the switches you are talking about do they control the light from two locations, if so they are three way switches not two way. Lets cover the basic wiring for a three way switch you may have them connected wrong. From the panel to either the light or the switch you would bring a hot and neutral conductor ( black/ white) between the two switches you would have a three wire romex two of the conductors are called travelers the other may be a neutral, hot,or switch leg depending on how the electrician wired the circuit. Normally it would be the neutral, from the lights down to the second switch would be the switch leg (black/white) The white that comes from the light is spliced to the white which comes from the three conductor the black(switch leg) is tied to the top or darker colored screw on the switch.The travelers connect to the other two screws at this point which conductor ties to which screw makes no difference. Back at the first switch connect the travelers to the screws on the switch leaving the darker screw for the hot from the panel, connect the whites which are left to each other. The green conductors are connected to each other all of the way through the circuit. Now to change the wiring, please remember that a hot and neutral conductor are required to make both switches work. From the in coming hot and neutral conductors, you will splice the white of the travelers to the second switch the white from the light will also be spliced to the travelers white. The in coming black and the black of the travelers will splice you will need a short piece of black wire about 8" long to tie in with this splice( this will become the hot for your first switch) the black that is with the travelers will be the hot for your second switch this black will be connected to the top of the switch the black that comes from your light down to the second switch will connect to the bottom of the switch. The conductor which has not been used will have to be capped off both ends. I hope I helped you copy this down before you start your work above all else turn the power off before you do any of this or you may get hurt

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Is the Traditional Energy-saving Lamp Regulator Used for LED Circuit? Detailed Analysis of 11 Defect
Is the Traditional Energy-saving Lamp Regulator Used for LED Circuit? Detailed Analysis of 11 Defect
Can the controller of traditional energy-saving lamp act on LED circuit?There are many options for buying LED bulbs, but compatible led dimmers are difficult to choose. Many users will confidently say that it is OK to use the dimmer of traditional incandescent lamps. Now the most commonly seen on the market is thyristor dimmer, which is divided into DC and ac. it is very easy to use in incandescent lamps.After selecting the LED lamp with appropriate color temperature, lumen grade and beam angle, the dimming requirements are met. Different from the random dimming method of ordinary incandescent lamps, dimming LED bulbs with thyristors may be successful, but many problems will occur in most cases.Four conditions:The most common problem is that there is a buzzing beep or a strong stroboscopic. Ordinary incandescent lamps only need to adjust the voltage to adjust the light and shade, but it may not work for LED lamps. We have done experiments and the following four situations have occurred:1. It can't be opened at all. It doesn't light up at all!2. It can only be on at 100% illumination.3. It can work normally, but the buzzing sound is very loud.4. Stroboscopic occurs when it is adjusted to a certain brightness.Dimming principle:During the test, sometimes the LED can be used normally after it is dimmed to a certain limit. We judge that the reason why it doesn't light up is that the applied voltage of the dimmer is too small to reach the required voltage.The internal circuit of LED is much more complex than that of incandescent lamp. The real led dimmer is not only regulating voltage, but also has three principles:1. Wave width control dimming: digitize the square wave of the power supply and control the duty cycle of the square wave, so as to control the current.2. Constant current power supply regulation: the current can be easily adjusted by analog linear technology.3. Grouping control: group multiple LEDs and control them with a simple grouping device.Note the strobe:The reasons for the most stroboscopic cases are as follows: the adjustable resistor itself is not a very reliable component. Often, due to the entry of dust or the lax manufacturing process, there will be an instant jump fault when operating the adjustable resistor, and the light source will flash. Therefore, we need high-quality adjustable resistance, or use linear technology to regulate current rather than voltage.In fact, the internal driving function of LED itself can easily adjust the brightness and darkness, but most LED manufacturers remove this function to save costs. Whether the LED lamp can be dimmed is usually marked on the box. If there is no mark on the box, please use the dimming function with caution or use a special LED dimmer.Dimming will reduce life:A reminder is that dimming can easily reduce the life of the bulb. Why? Simply take a dimming method: we divide one second into 1000 parts, each part is 1 millisecond, and then make the LED light work for 7 milliseconds and turn off for 3 milliseconds through the control chip. In this way, it only works for 0.7 seconds in one second. However, due to the fast flashing interval, we can't feel its brightness flickering with our naked eyes, and we will only feel that its brightness has darkened, which is 0.7 times the original, This achieves the effect of dimming. Similarly, we can achieve 50% brightness, 32% brightness and any brightness. Blink in this way, it's strange not to break early!In order to avoid various problems, try not to use the physical dimming method for the smart bulb. Take out the mobile phone and open the app to adjust the light and shade.In fact, I still like to use the way of grouping device to control the brightness, which is simple, safe and easy to use. It can be easily done by touching the key switch or independent grouping switch. It is not necessary to fine tune the brightness from 0 to 100% perfectly in the home. It is OK to realize several levels of brightness adjustment, which can fully meet the needs.Analysis and retrieval of 11 disadvantages of LED wick:Compared with traditional incandescent lamps, led filament lamps have higher requirements for packaging. It is reported that at present, led filament lamps have very strict requirements for filament working voltage design, filament working current design, LED chip area and power, LED chip luminous angle, pin design, glass bulb sealing technology, etc. it can be seen that the manufacturing process of LED filament lamps is very complex, and there are certain requirements for the financial strength, supporting facilities and technology of manufacturers.In the production process, due to different processes, the requirements for materials are also different. In addition, in production, many equipment need to be transformed according to the performance characteristics of LED filament lamps, which also makes the manufacturers of relevant materials of LED filament lamps miserable. The defects in the bulb material also make the LED filament lamp easy to be damaged during transportation. The complex process and low yield make the LED filament lamp unable to obtain high praise from manufacturers and consumers.1. Difficult process, poor heat dissipation and easy damageAlthough led filament lamps have attracted much attention in the domestic market in the past two years, at present, the problems existing in the production of LED filament lamps can not be ignored: the manufacturing process is difficult, several different processes need to be integrated, and the yield is low; More than 8W led filament lamps are prone to heat dissipation problems; It is easy to be broken and damaged in the process of production and use.2. Structure, performance and price to be improvedDue to the relatively late entry of LED filament lamps into the market, the market-related sharp bubbles, tail bubbles and spherical bulbs are mainly "patch type". In addition, the filament lamps that entered the market in the early stage are far from consumers' expectations in terms of structure, performance and price, which makes consumers have some misunderstandings about led filament lamps. With the breakthrough of key technologies, the maturity of packaging technology and the improvement of bubble sealing technology, the luminous efficiency, finger display, service life and cost of LED filament lamps will be improved to a certain extent.At present, the LED filament lamp needs to be improved in too many places. It is like a newborn "premature baby". It is not very mature in all aspects, with high cost, complex production process and low production capacity. Therefore, we should improve the raw materials, led beads and manufacturing process in the future, so as to improve the production capacity of LED filament lamps, reduce losses and improve delivery efficiency.3. Low power and poor heat dissipation are obstaclesAffected by the production process, there are many problems in LED filament lamps, such as high cost and high damage rate during transportation due to the defects of bulb material. In addition, the heat dissipation of high wattage led filament lamps has also become an obstacle for LED filament lamps to enter ordinary people's homes.Problem 2: high priceAccording to the market survey, the average retail price of a 3W led filament lamp is about 28-30 yuan, which is much higher than that of LED bulb lamps and other lighting products with the same power, and several times higher than that of LED incandescent lamps with the same power. Therefore, many consumers are scared away by the price of LED filament lamps.At this stage, the market share of LED filament lamps is less than 10%. Nowadays, as a characteristic product, led filament lamp restores the luminous feeling of traditional tungsten filament lamp and is loved by many consumers. However, the high cost, low light efficiency and small application range of LED filament lamps are also the problems that lighting manufacturers must face and look directly at in the next stage.1. Supporting materials increase product costThe market prospect of LED filament lamp is very bright, but there are difficulties in the promotion of LED filament lamp at this stage, mainly due to its high cost and the lack of large wattage, which makes the application of LED filament lamp limited to the flower lamp market. In addition, the matching of raw materials also increases the cost, because there is no standard in the specification and shape of filament lamp, and its market volume is small, As a result, the supporting materials are basically customized, and the manufacturing cost remains high.2. The cost of LED filament is too highAmong all parts of LED filament lamp, the highest cost is led filament, mainly because of its complex production process and high cutting cost; The production efficiency is not high and the degree of automation is low, resulting in the cost. At present, the cost of 3-6w filament bulb can be controlled below 15 yuan, of which the cost of LED filament accounts for more than half.3. The packaging of LED filament lamp is exquisiteThe packaging of LED filament lamps is more exquisite. The light effects encapsulated by each enterprise are different. Led filament lamps still have certain limitations in power and heat dissipation, resulting in higher prices than ordinary LED light sources.Problem 3: small marketAt this stage, the power of the best-selling led filament lamp in the market is basically less than 10W, which shows that at this stage, the LED filament lamp is technically trapped in the problem of heat dissipation and can not achieve high power. It also shows that it can only cover a small section of the whole lighting product line and can not be widely promoted. Even if it plays the "nostalgic" brand, the LED filament lamp market is only a small market, It can't become the mainstream for the time being.1. Low consumer acceptanceWith the shrinking incandescent lamp and energy-saving lamp market, LED lighting products are slowly recognized by end consumers. However, at present, the market of LED filament lamps is still very limited. Due to the limited application and power of LED filament lamps, the acceptance of LED filament lamps by end consumers is not very high.In addition, consumers do not know enough about led filament lamps. Many people think it is just an improvement of ordinary incandescent lamps.2. The main demand comes from the projectAs LED filament lamps are mainly used in flower lamps, and their main demand comes from engineering lighting, general dealers will not mainly promote LED filament lamps. Even if a few businesses sell LED filament lamps, they won't have too much inventory.Problem 4: difficult to promoteEntering the terminal market, we can find that the LED filament lamp is not as hot as expected for two reasons:1、 Many stores do not promote filament lamps as key products, and consumers' awareness and acceptance of filament lamps are not high;2、 Compared with LED light source products such as bulb and sharp bulb, led filament lamp products have no qualitative change. On the contrary, the price is relatively high and it is difficult to go. Let alone replace the market position of LED bulb, energy-saving lamp and other products.Therefore, at present, the market advantage of LED filament lamp is not very obvious, and the market is basically waiting and trying.At present, the difficulty of pushing led filament lamps in the terminal market lies in:1、 Poor integration between traditional bubble sealing industry and LED packaging industry (concept and process integration);2、 It is not easy to reverse the concept of end consumers;3、 The acceptance of LED filament lamp products by society and government is not clear. In addition, the price of LED filament lamp is high, and consumers have not really distinguished the difference between LED filament lamp and incandescent lamp, which leads to the difficulty of LED filament lamp market promotion.1. Merchants are not active in promotionAt present, if led filament lamps want to achieve good performance in the market, they also need to strengthen publicity and innovation. The development of LED industry is increasingly fierce, and industry standards have been issued one after another, which has exacerbated the market development resistance of LED filament lamps. Especially at this stage, many consumers do not understand led filament lamps, and merchants are not active enough in promoting led filament lamps. Even most merchants are not very optimistic about their development prospects. In actual sales, customers usually see or ask, Businesses will push this product.2. High price makes promotion difficultAt present, it is difficult to promote LED filament lamps in the market. Because consumers do not know much about led filament lamps, the probability of purchase is very small. In addition, due to the impact of e-commerce, the transaction rate of LED in physical stores is lower. Some consumers pay more attention to the price when purchasing products. Therefore, there is still a long way to go for LED filament lamps to enter the families of ordinary consumers.3. Lack of new selling points of LED filament lampsAt present, led filament lamp is in the primary stage of promotion, and very few people know its advantages because of the appearance and original quality of the product
How to Wire a Staircase with a Two Way Switch and Two Lights, on on Top of Staircase and One on Bott
you will need 2 three way switches1. How do I fix this 3 way switch mess?OK. A 3-way switch complex acts exactly like a plain switch. Meaning if you take the two 3-ways and the /3 cable between them, and pretend they are not there, you see what else is going on. In this case, if you ignore the 3-ways and /3, all that's left is a /2 cable to the top box. That makes this a switch loop. Normally, in a switch loop, the white wire carries always-hot * and the black wire carries switched-hot. Code has two things to say about this: It appears the last guy wired the 3-way loop with the white wire being always-hot. That is fine, but again you need to mark the white wires at each of their ends with black tape. The remaining wires in the /3 (red and black) are travelers. I recommend you mark both travelers with yellow tape (readily available as part of 5-packs of colored tape). Travelers do not need to be distinguished from each other. Then it's easy: On the 3-way switches, the travelers go on the brass screws, and the remaining wire (whatever it is) goes on the remaining black screw. *The white wire is used for always-hot so a voltage tester will always show it as hot; that means it wo not be confused for a neutral. The switched-hot wire will test as "at neutral" when the switch is off, because it's connected to neutral via the light bulb.2. How do I build a parallel circuit with a four way switch?The four way switches are installed in the runners or travelers between 2 three way switches. Common on the first three way is power from your source. Common on the 2nd three way is the switched wire to the lights.3. Replace it with a 3-way or 2-way switch or remove it?Ok, so the problem is that you found two switches for the lights. The easiest soultion is like this. If you want to put a motion switch in there, the other switch will not be needed or used. The wires are used like this, the black is hot or connected to the electric panel. The red is usually a carrier for a 3 way switch. You can cap that off if you want to make a motion switch out of the first switch. The white is the neutral and also goes back to the electric panel. It is necessary to complete the circuit. The bare wire, or copper one, is the ground and should be hooked up to prevent shock or fire hazard. To hook up a motion switch, the connections are usually straight forward and instructions are included in the box. If you wish to incorporate the second switch to restore the .3 way connection, the simpilest way is to wire the white wires stright thru. The red is the carrier and connects on the single side of the the switch. You will understand when you see it. On the other side of the switch, one is power and one is to the lights. Hope that solves your delima.4. How about calling a qualified professional to do this job properly5. Electrical question - 4 way switch?If you do have a 4-way switch, then you have the wires hooked up to the wrong terminals. The terminals should be identified by two colors of screws (often two brass screws and two black screws). The wires coming in from one 3-way switch should be landed on the terminals of the same color; and the wires from the other 3-way should be landed on the other color set. You should not rely on screw position since different manufactures have different terminal screw configurations6. What is a fast command line way to switch between multiple directories for system administration?I wrote a script named xyzzy to do this:The way I use this is to copy into /usr/bin folder and then chmod ax on it. Then, I edit my root and user account /.bashrc file to include these lines at the bottom:The 'xy' is a shortened form of the command for faster typing. Then, I can store the current directory in the list with......and repeat as necessary. Once I fill this list with the directories I need, they remain there until I reboot the computer because that's when /tmp is cleared out again. I can then type......to list the currently saved directories. In order to switch to a directory, I have two choices. One option is to specify the path by index (and it's a 1-based index) like so:...which would switch to the directory that's the second item in the list. Or, I could leave off the index number and just do:. ..to have it loop through each directory as I need. For more commands you can do, type:Of course, work is more fun with the silly echo statements that I added in.Note that xyzzy is a reference to the Collosal Cave text adventure, where typing xyzzy would let you switch between two rooms in the game in order to avoid grues.
3-way Switch Loop Wired with Two 14-2 and One 14-3
You have the power supply coming in from the ceiling (i.e. right side 14-2) and being sent down to the switch or switches (i.e. left side 14-2). What's then sent back to the light or ceiling box is coming through the 14-3 and would be or indicates there was a either ceiling fan here previously (using the wrong type of electrical box) or that it was wired for one (ceiling fan box would've or should've replaced the standard box).In a ceiling fan setup, the 14-3's black would be powering the fan and the red would power the ceiling fan's light (based on picture below). I'm hesitant to include a picture, since I couldn't find your exact setup and add to the confusion. But, the picture below is similar to your situation, however they skipped the 2nd 14-2 and just used the white to feed power to the switches...I agree much more with your setup.I would expect there to be a capped black at the switch box and would like to see that 1 black disconnected and capped also in the ceiling box, if not being used. Though, that 3rd black could be going off to power something else with the switch box also being used as a junction box. Sorry, I can't be definitive without more pictures.I'm replacing a single 2-way ceiling light with recessed lighting, and discovered what I think is a switch loop when I pulled the ceiling light out. The confusing part (to me) is that the ceiling light had two 14-2 romex going to it, and one 14-3. All the diagrams I've looked up online show that there should be two 14-3s. What's going on?
Two Way Switch for a Bulb Circuit
You can use two single pole double throw switch as shown in schematic1. I have a question about soil for bulb planting?You can have bone meal. But any other household products do not do anything. You are most certainly better off raking up a small pile of leaves and grinding them up into a small mulch and mix it into the soil then a small thin layer on top. They will be a source of food for the bulbs and retain some moisture.2. The extinction of the old style light bulb...?Hey Bam Bam...I think those new bulbs really stink! I got some that are supposed to equal 60 watts and it's so friggin' dim, I thought that I was going blind. Then hubby got me some equal to 100 watts and that was no better. I put one in for my front porch light and use one as a night light... Merry Christmas to you too!3. Can i solder the tip of a car light bulb?all above answers are correct..yes to your question!!..but why?4. Fluorescent light bulb shattered on my bed?Any amount of mercury is toxic genius...especially in your body. Let my grandpa know I said hi when you see him in heaven5. Uvb bulb for beardie?1) It does not matter, bulbs are a bit more expensive, but work well and last longer than florescent tubes. 2) The UVB bulb that is like the sun-light and the normal light should be in the center. The basking light should be over the basking spot. 3) Sitting on top of the screen or slightly above. If you get an MVB it has to be roughly a foot away from your dragon. 4) I understand you are getting annoyed, but UV lights and general heat and lighting for your beardie is important! Check out my other answer I gave for your other question asking this.6. Would single beam HID bulb work for me?All HID is come with single beam only. On 9007 type HID, it has magnetic to change the HID position to the headlamp reflector to creat effect of low and high beam. The magnetic use to move forward anf bacward the bulb, the 9007 type HID is use on single headlamp reflector7. Fluorescent light bulb burning smell?It was in general the odor of plastic burning. Fluorescent bulbs need a brief high voltage present to start up however then run on cut back voltage. The bulb will have burned out however the ballast might have continued to try to light the bulb, and melted some plastic. So long as the glass was now not broken, the small amount of mercury inside is safely contained. Compact fluorescent bulbs have more than a few issues which might be glossed over. Like the one you discovered. I should not have any in my house, and that i have no idea why anyone would set up them. Electrical energy for incandescent bulbs is just not a large a part of the overall cost of owning and retaining a house. Unless your dwelling is lit up like a christmas tree 24/7. The personal loan, taxes, coverage, air-conditioning, and so on. Are bigger, so much larger, up the list of bills8. is there a difference between a fluorescent bulb and fluorescent plant lights?Color temperature is different. But we grow our tomatoes and peppers under regular lights. I have never noticed a problem in growth9. What is the brightest single light bulb I can get for my kitchen?"use 100w lamp max" to make sure that it is safe with the cover glass (not too much heat to damage the cover). For a better and brighter lights, I will choose LED light bulbs, if you want to replace the current lamp, you need to know the base type and what kind of bulb you need.10. Two switches and one bulb [closed]Yes you can use the corresponding switching from house installation. If your switches have only two pins you have to use a kip relay11. Bearded Dragon help, Light bulb.?Dude just turn everything off at night they are used to cold nights because they are dessert animals12. where can i buy a bulb for my plant?no no no, you cant buy a grow light at a regular store, only seed starting lights.. if you want fruit veggies or buds, your gonna have to go online, and buy high pressure sodium bulbs, and a ballast to go with it
Hi, I Am Replacing a Bathroom Light Fixture with a Three-way Switch. Have 2 Red, 2 Black, 2 White...
i would combine the wires with the same color......black is different than red. black is hot, white is common and bare or green is ground..... basically, do not mix colors of the house wires. ...if the fixture has different colors than the house, remember that the black is hot, and white is usually common....then ground it to the bare copper wire1. Why does a 60W bulb burn out immediately when placed in a 40W light fixture?It does not and indeed cannot. The fixture has no impact on thepower delivered to the bulb. But a bulb of too high power could damage the fixture2. installing a bathrm light fixture, where a light bar was and there is a large drywall hole?changing previous, previous lighting fixtures furniture is an difficulty-free, efficient thank you to replace the seem and environment of a room. New lighting fixtures furniture can upload subtle type, create an architectural focal element or in basic terms supply greater efficient illumination. Feeling nervous approximately working with electrical energy? relax. Switching out previous furniture is genuinely secure and straightforward. in maximum situations, you purely connect the hot fixture to the modern wires. in basic terms you need to educate off the potential on the biggest electric powered panel. right here, we will educate a thank you to replace a eating-room pendant gentle with a stylish new chandelier. in many strategies, this installation is equivalent to changing different varieties of sunshine furniture, with the exception of one significant difference: common electric powered packing boxes have a optimal load score of 50 pounds. maximum finished-length chandeliers are too heavy to hold close from a typical field. subsequently, in the adventure that your new fixture weighs better than 50 pounds, you will possibly be able to desire to installation an suited help equipment3. why would a light fixture blink?As you have stated "light still flickers" I am assuming it flickered before you worked on it. In fact, that's the reason you replaced the switch and fixture. Am I right? If so and you are using the old bulb, replace it. But I am thinking you have already done that. Right? So then the original problem is still there. You must have a loose connection somewhere between that switch and the panel. Turn off the power to that circuit and open boxes one at a time checking and tightening all connections. You will surely find one or more before the problem finally goes away. Be careful, and good luck.4. What could be wrong with my fluorescent light fixture? ?if replacing the bulb does not fix it, it could be the ballast5. need help wiring a light fixture?In north america, the red wire is the other hot side of the line. White is the ground return or cold side of the line. Black is the hot or switched side of the line. All your white wires should be commoned together. You could put one black of the fixture to black in the box. You can put the other black fixture wire to the red in the box. You need to check the switches, if any, for that outlet.6. New light fixture works but it breaks trips the circuit whenever I turn the switch?one of the blue wires is the return live from the switch, it should of had a bit of brown sleeving or tape on it to identify it. You have to find out which is the switch wire, all the browns usually go together as do the green/ yellows, but only two blues go together in the neutral as you have done but one blue goes in the live side of the light fitting. it's easy to do if you have multimeter, turn power of & put meter on audible setting test between browns & each blue individually, when you get a noise check the switch to confirm that the one. good luck.7. How do I replace a Ceiling Fan with a Light Fixture?Follow the link for wiring diagrams. It appears that a red wire is present when a dimmer switch or variable speed control is being used. Look for a second switch that controls the wires that are lighting the lamp. If you find it you do not need another switch. If you do not find it you need to get power from that circuit to the new switch then back to the light.
Lipstick to Cosmetics Factory Processing Plant, Let Your Mouthbleast Is More Healthy
Lipstick to Cosmetics Factory Processing Plant, Let Your Mouthbleast Is More Healthy
IT'S an ongoing debate amongstwomen far and wide: is it really worth splurging on luxury make-up?With the news this week thatone in three women are putting make-up ahead of household bills, we have brought in make-up artist Sophie Fleur Thorp to partake in a blind testso that we canreach some kind of a conclusion...Cheap ThrillsMiss Sporty Mission Correction Multi-Action Foundation in Medium, £2.99MUA Blusher in Cupcake, £1Collection Velvet Kiss Moisturising Lip Cream in Mulberry, £2.99MUA Intense Glitter Eyeliner in Starry Night, £1Collection Extreme Coloured Lengthening Mascara in Black, £2.99Total: £10.97The Verdict“The three-in-one foundation concealer is quite disappointing. The texture is too thick, yet it doesn’t conceal imperfections and, instead of highlighting the skin, it leaves it looking matte. I struggled to build this up to hide problem areas without it looking caked on, so I’d recommend using a separate product to blur or hide any blemishes. The mascara is OK, although it doesn’t offer anything special and needs to be layered up to really get the volume and length I desire. The real winners are the liquid lipstick – it doesn’t budge and the pigments are vibrant – and the blusher, which delivers intense colour with a subtle shimmer. The eyeliner is also great. For a kohl pencil, it went on smoothly, with little pressure or pulling, and I was able to build it up and blend it out to create a glittery, smoky eye.”Mid-range MagicMax Factor Miracle Match Foundation Blur & Nourish in Caramel, £12.99Gosh Natural Blush in Electric Pink, £7.99Sleek Makeup Cleopatra’s Kiss Highlighting Palette, £9.99Rimmel London Lasting Finish Lipstick by Kate Moss in 005, £4.99Soap & Glory Supercat Easy Precision Black Ink Eyeliner, £6Bourjois Volume Reveal Mascara in Radiant Black, £9.99Total: £51.95The Verdict“I love that I can build up the foundation to disguise imperfections without needing a separate concealer. And the highlighting palette is going straight into my kit! The cream and powder combo is great, as you can mix them together to intensify the glow, plus it also doubles up as a shimmery eyeshadow. The mascara gave my lashes amazing volume and comes with a handy mirror – great for on the go. The lipstick is also impressive as it has the perfect balance of strong pigments and moisture, making it last all day. I wasn’t keen on the eyeliner, though. It took ages to dry, and left smudges and an imprint every time I blinked.”Super SplurgeYSL Touche Éclat Le Teint in BD60, £32.50Urban Decay Naked Skin Weightless Complete Coverage Concealer in Medium Neutral, £17.50Estée Lauder Pure Colour Envy Sculpting Blush in Plush Petal, £29Marc Jacobs Kiss Pop Lip Colour Stick in Headliner, £24Nars Unrestricted Matte Eyeliner Stylo in Black, £21Charlotte Tilbury Legendary Lashes Mascara in Black Vinyl, £25Total: £149The Verdict“Although this foundation didn’t make the same promises of concealing and highlighting as the other two did, it offered both and then some.My skin felt smooth, hydrated and illuminated – and there was little need for concealer. The blush palette offers a gradient of colour, meaning that you can both highlight and blush in one sweep. However, the shade was too light and blurred into the highlighter, so didn’t give the result I wanted. I wasn’t keen on the bullet shape of the lipstick – I prefer a hard edge, so you can get a clean line along your pout. The eyeliner went on well and dried immediately, and I was blown away by the mascara! After two swipes, I had full lashes without any hard work or layering.”Sophie’s best of the bunch YSL Touche Éclat Le Teint in BD60, £32.50Sleek Makeup Cleopatra’s Kiss Highlighting Palette, £9.99Rimmel London Lasting Finish Lipstick by Kate Moss in 005, £4.99MUA Intense Glitter Eyeliner in Starry Night, £1Charlotte Tilbury Legendary Lashes Mascara in Black Vinyl, £25 The Overall Verdict“This test goes to show that you can mix and match high-end and high-street brands to create the perfect make-up bag – for your pocket and your face!”Now that you've got your dream kit sorted, try these tips to help you get your face ready in just fives minutes.Stockists: Bourjois (Boots.com), Charlotte Tilbury (Selfridges.com), Collection (Superdrug.com), Estée Lauder (Selfridges.com), Gosh (Superdrug.com), Marc Jacobs (Harrods.com), Max Factor (Boots.com), Miss Sporty (Superdrug.com), MUA (Superdrug.com), Mars (Narscosmetics.co.uk), Rimmel London (Boots.com), Sleek Makeup (Sleekmakeup.com), Soap & Glory (Boots.com), Urban Decay (Debenhams.com), YSL (Yslbeauty.co.uk)
Is the Used Car Dealer I Bought My Car From Liable at All Since My Airbags Did Not Deploy?
Is the Used Car Dealer I Bought My Car From Liable at All Since My Airbags Did Not Deploy?
Is the used car dealer I bought my car from liable at all since my airbags did not deploy?Air bags know when to deploy. They are pretty smart— — — — — —WHAT SPEED SHOULD CAR AIR BAGS GO OFF AT?They do not explode on the basis of speed. They do go off on the basis of vibration, via a shock sensing system. You could be stopped, and if someone hits you on the back at a high speed, sufficiently strong, then the bags will go off on your face.They are primary targets for decapitation).— — — — — —can i be sued for not letting my car buyer know that the air bags didnt work?Used cars are usually sold "as is". However, there is laws in most states that you have to give money back within a few days, if they want it. This is state law, so it's different everywhere.— — — — — —does a 1978 pontiac firebird have air bags? if not is there a way that i could install some?I had a 1976 and I am 6'3" there is plenty of leg room. No they did not have air bags. There are no retrofit kits to add them. A custom installation would cost more than the car is worth. Get it and have fun— — — — — —I was hit front and back of my car and my airbags didn't deploy?Air bags are designed to deploy when you vehicle is going over a certain speed. I certainly doubt you will be able to sue— — — — — —What's the best car for someone to get as a "first car"?smothing with a full compliment of air bags all around— — — — — —Air Bag to Glove Compartment?Bad idea. replace the air bag. If it's wreck again and the passenger is hurt, it's on you— — — — — —Should i keep a vehicle that been in an accident several times n air bags deployed?I agree with the redneck lol. but if it was me... i wouldnt keep it— — — — — —" How long are air bags supposed to last?"?There's no way anyone here can tell you for sure what the problem is with the information provided, but all of the new body style Volkswagens, including the Touaregs, have recently had many faults relating to the side airbags in the front seats. Most of these faults are fixed by simply bypassing the side airbag connector located under the seat with wire overlays. However, it could be any number of other things, crash sensors, seat belt latches, the passenger occupant detection system, the list goes on. I would get it checked out though as soon as you can, because in the event of an accident, the airbag system may not work as designed— — — — — —how do air bags in cars help to reduce the force of impact on passengers in car accidents?The airbags absorb the blow of impact, slowing you down much more gently than the windshield. The airbags inflates, then deflates as your face and head are pushed against it, dissipating much of the momentum and lowering the over all force exerted on your head— — — — — —1994 Mer. GM Air bag light blinks on and off. Can air bags deploy without collision? Why does it blink?Have it checked by the dealer. Do not screw around with safety items .— — — — — —had a car accident the air bags didnt come off, should i sue the car company?YEs dude call them rtell them what happen get your inshurence involved with this ad Bam ur gonna get allot of money out of this— — — — — —I was in a car accident and my air bags didn't deploy. I'm was driving a 96 Sunfire? Do I have law suit ?Sure. Anyone can sue anyone. Have fun paying the legal fees— — — — — —Do air bags really protect you all that much?If you are in US. then you should have an airbag in your car. Its a rule— — — — — —can we sue for the air bags not deploying by hiting a tree head on?My opinion is that since the tree was uprooted , the vehicle did not experience a severe nough stop for the air bag to deploy.— — — — — —If a car gets hit by lightning, will the air bags be activated?Yes it can and this has happened many times, that airbag can pop right out if the car gets hit by lightning
How Does Money Laundering Work?
How Does Money Laundering Work?
How does money laundering work?Here's how it works: The problem with money generated from crime- especially large scale organised crime- is that you need to have some explanation as to where the money is coming from, otherwise you will raise suspicion with the authorities. Money laundering is the process of disguising this illegally obtained money as legitimate profits, which you can then use without attracting attention. The most common way to do this is for criminals to own some kind of legitimate business, normally called a "front". They can then disguise their illegal money as profits obtained by this business. For example, suppose you owned a nightclub and charged entry to get in. In a typical night, perhaps you get 200 patrons. A money launderer might instead record that they had 400 patrons per night, and enter their illegally obtained money as entry fees for the 200 fake customers. They can now say they obtained the money legitimately as part of their business. Obviously, this is entirely illegal, and many organised criminals are brought down by money laundering and related charges, rather than for their other crimes. As such, you have to be very careful when doing. Good money-laundering operations use fronts that do not use up too many physical resources, so it's hard to confirm how much of its business is legit.— — — — — —Money laundering: how banks stay one step ahead of criminal activityMoney laundering is a technique used by criminals-from mobsters, drug traffickers, terrorists, to corrupt politicians-in order to cover their financial tracks after illegally obtaining money. It's well-known that money laundering can often involve foreign banks and legitimate businesses-so how do banks actively prevent money laundering from happening? The answer? Anti-money laundering. Anti-money laundering is a way for banks and other financial institutions to detect suspicious activity. By doing so, they help prevent criminal profits from becoming camouflaged and integrated into the financial system. Here's the lowdown on the techniques banks use to fight back against criminal financial activity. Money laundering is a process that disguises the source of criminal money in order to make it appear legal. Since 1990, money laundering itself has been a crime-and it's easy to see why. Money laundering is big business, with an estimated €740 billion to €2 trillion laundered each year. That's an eye-watering 2% to 5% of the global economy. In the EU alone, €197.2 billion is laundered each year. Profits gained from criminal activity is often known as "dirty" money, because it links directly to the crime and can be traced. In particular, lugging around physical cash-think dodgy deals and briefcases filled with bank notes-is far from logistical. Criminals need to "clean" the money, so that it can appear legal and be used for investments without fear of being caught. That's what money laundering is-"washing" dirty money to make it clean. Money laundering typically follows a basic three-step process. The first step is placement-this is the point where dirty money first enters the financial system. Layering then hides the source of the money using various bookkeeping tricks. And once the source of the money has been successfully disguised, comes the last step-integration, when clean money can be withdrawn or invested. Money laundering techniques vary in complexity. The most common method is to process dirty money through another cash-based business. Many criminal organizations own multiple "front organizations," from restaurants to casinos. Legitimate profits from these businesses mix with criminal money, hiding the source. Breaking Bad fans will remember Walter White purchasing the A1A Car Wash to launder the money that he made from his drug business. Another technique is called structuring, which is the act of dividing large sums of money into smaller amounts and spreading them across multiple accounts. Anti-money laundering policy in the EU means that transactions of €10,000 and higher are investigated. Structuring bypasses this by depositing multiple smaller amounts that appear less suspicious. Other techniques used by money launderers include: • None Currency exchanges where dirty money is exchanged by foreign currency providers. The provider may be unaware of the money's origin, or that the cash-based business is a front organization. • None Real estate purchases allow criminals to transform their money into houses and business property, which can later be sold. • None The art industry has also been targeted for money laundering, due to its levels of secrecy and the potential for high-value items. In 1989, the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) was created to combat money laundering. The FATF organization sets the framework for anti-money laundering (AML) policies, and supervises countries to make sure that they comply. Individual countries also have their own supervisory schemes that oversee national institutions. Globally, the UN, World Bank and International Monetary Fund all have AML schemes in place. Anti-money laundering is a framework for putting best practices into action in order to detect suspicious activity. The easier it is for criminals to spend illegal money undetected, the more likely they are to commit crimes in the future. As a result, AML regulations make "obligated entities" be aware of red flags to watch out for, and makes sure that such institutions proactively monitor their clients' activities. But who exactly are the "obligated entities?" Obligated entities refers to institutions that encounter financial transactions, which could be targeted by money launderers. These include banks, payment processors, and gaming or gambling businesses. In the EU, the European Banking Authority sets guidelines and regulations on supervision. Anti-money laundering supervisors then monitor each individual institution to see how effectively they carry out their AML tasks. Institutions have to comply with customer due diligence. The Anti-Money Laundering Directive (AMLD) is a EU-wide law that provides a framework for institutions across Europe. Transactions between "high risk" countries and transaction amounts of €10,000 or more are carefully monitored. Suspicious activity is then reported. As the foundation of the financial system, banks need a sharp eye to spot suspicious behavior. Like all institutions, banking AML policies are shaped by the framework set by the FATF. Frontline employees are trained in anti-money laundering techniques and are legally required to report suspicious activity. Banks may hire employees whose purpose is to boost anti-money laundering practices. These security experts are known as AML compliance officers. In addition, AML banking is supported by three key factors: identity checks, AML holding periods, and AML transaction monitoring software. Specific institutions, such as banks, are required to follow Know Your Customer (KYC) processes. These are the steps that banks must take to verify the identity of their customers. Although anti-money laundering policies provide the framework, individual banks are responsible for their own customers, and it's their responsibility to flag high risk transactions. So what do banks verify? Know Your Customer policies require banks to verify the customer's name, date of birth, address, and occasionally additional information, such as occupation. Banks typically ask customers to verify their identity with ID documents when opening an account. More recently, banks are using biometric identification, such as face or voice recognition, and fingerprint scans. Another tactic to help prevent money laundering is the AML holding period. This is a policy where deposits must stay in an account for a minimum of five trading days. Slowing down the process assists with anti-money laundering measures, and allows more time for risk assessments to take place. Many banks have millions of customers, and oversee millions of transactions. With such a high volume, it's impossible to manually monitor every single transaction. That's where AML transaction monitoring software comes in-this technology allows banks and other financial institutions to monitor transactions on a daily or real-time basis. Such software combines different sources of information, such as the account holder's history, risk-assessment, and the details of individual transactions such as the total sum of the money, countries involved, and the nature of purchase. Transactions can include cash deposits, wire transfers, and withdrawals. When a transaction is deemed to be high risk, it's flagged by the system as suspicious activity.
The Benefits of Water Dispenser for Your Business
The Benefits of Water Dispenser for Your Business
Just so you know, here's how your color coding looks to those with protanopia, the most common form of red/green colorblindnessI am currently trying to come up with an intuitive design for a touch free sink faucet that allows for both hot and cold temperature settings. Most touch free sinks involve one sensor to start the water flowing and you're stuck with whatever temperature comes out, which is usually just a mix of the two. After some research I found some designs incorporated a knob on the side to allow temperature settings, however in public restrooms a truly hands free design is strongly desired even if youre about to wash them, hence the invention of hands free soap dispensers even though it is putting sanitizing soap on your hands after touching it.The initial design I thought of was something like this:The user puts their hand over red sensor to start hot water, blue to start cold, both to start medium.However, there are some obvious oversights:The sensors aren't in front of the faucet, so they will keep stopping forcing you to wave over them again.The "medium" setting is not very intuitiveTo fix number one I added the middle black sensor, that way you activate the temperature states first by waving over the colored sensors, and then the water starts when you wave in front of the black one like typical hands-free faucets.However, I believe this to be even less intuitive and too many steps to simply wash your hands.So, are either of these designs intuitive or is there a more streamlined and easily understandable way to incorporate hot and cold functionality into a truly hands free faucet?
What Is the Best Brand of Air Pump for Aquariums and How Do You Determine What Size to Get?
What Is the Best Brand of Air Pump for Aquariums and How Do You Determine What Size to Get?
What is the best brand of air pump for aquariums and how do you determine what size to get?you can buy a small or medium one very cheap at anl large outlet store that sells pets or fish supplies you will want a valve of some sorts to help regulate air flow— — — — — —Air Flow, Air Systems, Pressure, and Fan PerformanceFor kitchen ventilation applications an air system consists of hood(s), duct work, and fan(s). The relationship between the air flow rate (CFM) and the pressure of an air system is expressed as an increasing exponential function. The graph below shows an example of a system curve. This curve shows the relationship between the air flow rate and the pressure of an air system.— — — — — —What type of windows provide the best air flow?I would think that any window which opened completely would be the ones of choice not ones which only opened half way, the screen would be on the inside not out so no problem with bugs or anything else— — — — — —Opinion On This Gaming Pc? Specs Below?hi Lewis, I do not think too highly of it and if I were you I would not be caught bringing this pack of trouble in your home and that's a fact. like I said before stay away from Pentium parts and the next question you ask is asking about a video card that is a Pentium part the Nvidia GeForce gtx 650 so if you buy this computer welcome to crash and burn hotel. this is not a place you want to be so I will not go into more detail except mid sized computers has very little air flow so just try something for yourself to fully get the real impact go to newegg, amazon or tigerdirect and read what it saids about thermaltake arrow cases or cooler haf and you will see what they say about air flow then read what it saids about mid sized cases and you will see why I recommended the computer repairman building you a computer. prefab computers are the pits. good luck I hope I was helpful to you.— — — — — —What is the difference between the air pre-heater & air blower?AIR PRE HEATER. - An air preheater (APH) is any device designed to heat air before another process with the primary objective of increasing the thermal efficiency of the process. . they may be used alone or to replace a recuperative heat system or replace Steam coil. AIR BLOWER ------ This device makes use of the rotating impellers to increase the speed of the air gushing out of the drive out shaft. An air blower accelerate air flow radially .while changing the directions by 90 degree. these Power Tools mostly used in heating, ventilation and air conditioner (HA AC) industries— — — — — —Can I treat cat dandruff at home?Adding or increasing the amount of fish oil in their diet can be extremely helpful. Brushing is also important to make sure that there is not a lot of loose hair that is reducing air flow next to the skin. You can use a humidifier or even just let water steam on the stove to help increase the humidity in the room. Instead of attempting a bath just use a wet cloth to wipe them down. they may even enjoy that a bit— — — — — —What's the easiest way to add hp to the stock motor?#1 Better air cleaner.#2 Better spark plugs#3 Better exhaust pipe, muffler.#4 Better coil, distributor, ICM.#5 Better carb or injectors.#6 Better Exhaust manifolds or headers.Think of the engine as an air pump. Anything you can do to improve air flow in, cumbustion and air flow out will help. The order of this list will change depending on cost of parts.— — — — — —What direction is the air flow on my home heater?usually the air is being pulled past the filter not pushed into it— — — — — —Do High-MERV Filters Always Reduce Air Flow?Over the past few months, I've taken a look at some critical issues for indoor air quality. Starting with the issue of how much time we spend indoors, I then wrote about kitchen ventilation, the panoply of indoor air pollutants, problems with filters in general and with high-MERV filters. Now let's take the next step: a look at what research has been done on high-MERV filters and what can be done to overcome those unintended consequences I wrote about. In this article, John Proctor summarized some of the results he and his colleagues have found from studying California homes. One of the concerns in their research for the California Energy Commission was homeowners changing out 1″ thick standard fiberglass filters with 1″ thick pleated filters. The Air Conditioning Contractors of America (ACCA) protocols for HVAC design assume a pressure drop of 0.10 inches of water column (i.w.c.) across the filter. (Keep that number, 0.1 i.w.c., in mind as a reference point. I will be coming back to it.) If a system is designed with a standard filter for that pressure drop, the pressure drop with a pleated filter of the same size will most likely be higher. In addition, poorly designed and installed duct systems already have external static pressures that are too high. The typical furnace or air handler is rated for 0.5 i.w.c. but many run much higher pressure. David Richardson of the National Comfort Institute says that in the testing they've done, the average system is running at about 0.82 i.w.c. Result: In the California study, Proctor et al. found that the pressure drop across the filter in 34 HVAC systems was 0.28 i.w.c. That's nearly three times what ACCA protocols assume. It's also more than half of the rated external static pressure for the whole system. Article: Is There a Downside to High-MERV Filters? by David Springer, Home Energy Magazine, 2 November 2009 David Springer of the Davis Energy Group published this great article with a lot of detail about what they did and what they found, including blower energy use, compressor energy use, and the specific filters they tested. I will let you go there for the details because here I am mainly going to focus on the issue of pressure drop across the filter and the resulting effect on air flow. And speaking of filter pressure drop, here's their chart for filters with MERV ratings from 2 to 13. They tested all the filters at the same width and height (16″ x 25″) but the depth varied from 1″ to 4″. They used 492 feet per minute (fpm) as the face velocity because that's what the ASHRAE filter standard (52.2) calls for. With that face velocity and those dimensions, the air flow rate is 1,367 cubic feet per minute (cfm). (Flow rate equals area times velocity; see my article on the continuity equation for more on this.) Results: As you can see, there's not a steady increase in pressure drop as the MERV rating increases. What does happen, though, is that the pressure drop jumps up significantly as soon as you change from the standard 1″ fiberglass filter (MERV-2) to the next level at MERV-6. They also found "a definite trend toward lower air flow with higher-MERV filters for systems using PSC motors." (PSC stands for "permanent split capacitor." A PSC motor is the one powering most HVAC blowers. Variable speed blowers have electronically commutated motors, ECMs.) The final result I will mention here is that they did not see as much difference as they expected for filters of different depths. For example, "the 4-inch Filtrete 1550 (MERV 12) was only marginally better than the 1-inch Filtrete 1700 (also MERV 12) and the two other [1-inch] MERV 11 filters of the same brand (1000 and 1085)." Article: The Effects of Filtration on Pressure Drop and Energy Consumption in Residential HVAC Systems (pdf) by Brent Stephens, Atila Novoselac, PhD, and Jeffrey A. Siegel, PhD, HVAC&R Research, Vol. 16, #3, May 2010 This one is an academic paper so if you want all the details, equations, and references to other works, click the link above and download the paper. (Brent was a student at the time he wrote this paper and has a page on his filter research on his website at the Illinois Institute of Technology, if you want to dive even deeper.) They looked at filter pressure drop and energy consumption, both theoretically and using four months of data from two air conditioning systems in a test house in Austin, Texas. Results: What they found is what you would expect, and in their limited range of MERV ratings tested, they did see an increase with each step up the MERV scale. Here are their results for filter pressure drop: So the low-MERV filter is hitting the ACCA design pressure drop. The mid-MERV is twice as much and the high-MERV is three times as much. They also found that air flow in the high-MERV filters dropped by 7% and 11% in the two HVAC systems compared to the low-MERV filters. Likewise, the mid-MERV filters also showed decreased air flow relative to the low-MERV fitlers, this time 3% and 8% lower in the two systems. As you can see above, the research shows that in general, HVAC systems with high-MERV filters* have a higher pressure drop across the filter. This part is common to all three studies above. What happens with the air flow depends on what kind of blower the HVAC system uses. In a system with a PSC blower, the air flow drops and energy use does not change much. The Stephens paper cites a 2002 study showing that 90% of all residential HVAC systems had PSC blowers. Certainly that number has fallen in the past 16 years, as high-performance homes and high-performance HVAC systems have become more popular. But I am sure the great majority of homes still have PSC motors running the blower. For those with the other type, the electronically commutated motor (ECM), the controls on those motors typically ramp up the motor speed as the pressure increases so relatively constant air flow is maintained. But there's a penalty. Blowers with ECMs can be more efficient than those with PSC motors when they are operating against the pressure they are designed for. But when the pressure is higher, they can end up using more energy than the PSC blower. So what can you do to be able to use a high-MERV filter* and not suffer a high pressure drop across the filter and the resulting loss of air flow (PSC blower) or increased energy use (ECM blower)? It's actually pretty simple. You just have to make the filter large enough to have a low face velocity. And that's where I am going next with this series. You can get a head start by reviewing the other articles I've written on this topic in the past few months, especially the one on the continuity equation. The Path to Low Pressure Drop Across a High-MERV Filter What Percent of Time Do You Spend Indoors? * These are affiliate links for Amazon and TruTech Tools. You pay the same price you would pay normally, but Energy Vanguard makes a small commission if you buy after using the link.
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